Florida Entomologist (2015) 98, 122-125

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Sanford D. Porter, Steven M. Valles, Alexander L. Wild, Roberta Dieckmann and Nicola J.R. Plowes (2015)
Solenopsis invicta virus 3: further host-specificity tests with native Solenopsis ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)
Florida Entomologist 98 (1), 122-125
Abstract: A thorough understanding of host specificity is essential before pathogens can be used as biopesticides or self-sustaining biocontrol agents. In order to better define the host range of Solenopsis invicta virus 3 (SINV-3), we collected and exposed colonies of 2 native fire ants (Solenopsis aurea Wheeler, Solenopsis xyloni McCook) and 2 native thief ants (Solenopsis carolinensis Forel, Solenopsis molesta [Say]) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) to the SINV-3 virus. Despite extreme exposure to the virus, active, replicating infections resulted only in colonies of the red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta Buren). These results, combined with a previous study of ants from 13 other genera, strongly support the proposition that the SINV-3 virus can be used safely as either a biopesticide or a self-sustaining biocontrol agent in parts of California, the Caribbean, and other regions of the world where this virus does yet not occur.
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Database assignments for author(s): Sanford D. Porter, Steven M. Valles

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
non-target effects/fate in environm.

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Solenopsis invicta
Solenopsis invicta virus 3 (entomopathogen) Solenopsis invicta