Chloropidae (plant pests)

From Pestinfo-Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

male of Meromyza saltatrix
Author: James K. Lindsey
Source: Wikimedia Commons
Vernacular names
• Deutsch: Halmfliegen
• English: frit flies
grass flies

Chloropidae (plant pests) - (frit flies)

This family of small flies contains around 3,000 species. While the larvae of most species live in the shots and seeds of grasses and cereals, other species are predators or parasitoids and may be beneficial as natural enemies of crops pests. The adults of some species can be also very abundant, e.g. in and near meadows, and are considered nuisance pests. Others are attracted to and feed on eye excretions and can transmit diseases. This page only deal with species that are considered agricultural pests like the frit fly, Oscinella frit, which attacks cereals in Europe and North America.

Adult Chloropidae often visit flowers. They are typically around 1-3 mm long with short antennae and often dark or light yellow/green with black marks.

For details see the respective page in Wikipedia.

The following genera are currently entered under this family: