Biocontrol Science and Technology (2011) 21, 839-863

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N.A. Irvin and M.S. Hoddle (2011)
Comparative assessments of Gonatocerus ashmeadi and the 'new association' parasitoid G. deleoni (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) as biological control agents of Homalodisca vitripennis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)
Biocontrol Science and Technology 21 (7), 839-863
Abstract: Egg age preference, competitive ability, and behavior of Gonatocerus deleoni ('new association' parasitoid) and G. ashmeadi (the co-evolved dominant parasitoid in California) were investigated in the laboratory to determine whether one species exhibited competitive superiority. When searching concurrently for Homalodisca vitripennis egg masses, G. ashmeadi consistently outperformed G. deleoni by parasitizing 59-89% more eggs under three different experimental systems in the laboratory with varying host densities, egg ages, and exposure times. G. ashmeadi parasitism in control vials containing one parasitoid ranged from 58 to 86% and was up to 28% higher at egg ages 1 and 3 days compared with 5 days. G. deleoni in control vials parasitized on average 7% of H. vitripennis egg masses in 1 h regardless of egg age. G. deleoni failed to parasitize H. vitripennis egg masses in 15 min when caged alone or in competition with G. ashmeadi. In a combined species treatment, parasitism by G. ashmeadi was 11% higher when H. vitripennis eggs were exposed for 5 days compared with 24 h. Conversely parasitism by G. deleoni was 5% lower for this comparison. G. ashmeadi had a significantly female biased sex ratio for all three experimental designs, whereas, G. deleoni offspring sex ratio was not significantly greater than 50%. In comparison to G. ashmeadi, behavioral observations indicated that G. deleoni was absent from host egg infested leaves 53% more frequently and it oviposited 66% less frequently. No incidences of females aggressively chasing competitors off H. vitripennis egg masses were recorded during this study.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Nicola A. Irvin, Mark S. Hoddle

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Homalodisca vitripennis U.S.A. (SW)
Cosmocomoidea ashmeadi (parasitoid) Homalodisca vitripennis U.S.A. (SW)
Cosmocomoidea deleoni (parasitoid) Homalodisca vitripennis