Xenopsylla cheopis

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Xenopsylla cheopis female (click on image to enlarge it)
Author(s): Ken Walker, Museum Victoria
Source: PaDIL

Xenopsylla cheopis (Rothschild, 1903) - (Oriental rat flea)

The species has different rodents as hosts and a world-wide distribution. It can transmit various diseases to humans like the bubonic plague (Yersinia pestis) and murine typhus (Rickettsia typhi), a less severe form of the epidemic typhus. Rodents are natural reservoirs of both diseases.

Xenopsylla cheopis bantorum - is an East African subspecies.

Vernacular names
• Deutsch: tropischer Rattenfloh
• English: oriental rat flea
• Español: pulga de la rata oriental
• Français: puce orientale du rat

Xenopsylla bantorum

For details see the respective page in Wikipedia.