Plant Pathology (2017) 66, 393-403

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G.D. Carstensen, S.N. Venter, M.J. Wingfield and T.A. Coutinho (2017)
Two Ralstonia species associated with bacterial wilt of Eucalyptus
Plant Pathology 66 (3), 393-403
Abstract: Ralstonia solanacearum sensu lato causes bacterial wilt in many economically important agronomic crops and tree species. Eucalyptus is one of the recorded hosts but, despite the losses to forestry, little is known regarding the disease. The aim of this study was to identify the Ralstonia species that are associated with bacterial wilt of Eucalyptus trees growing in different parts of the world. Phylotyping, sequevar and multilocus sequence analysis were used to identify and determine the genetic diversity of the available isolates. The isolates obtained from Africa and Asia grouped in phylotype I, and those isolates from South America in phylotype II. Following the recent reclassification of R. solanacearum sensu lato, these results show that there are two Ralstonia species associated with bacterial wilt of Eucalyptus, namely, R. solanacearum and R. pseudosolanacearum. The isolates from South America represented R. solanacearum, while those from Africa and Asia were R. pseudosolanacearum. Analysis of the endoglucanase (egl), transcriptional regulator (hrpB) and DNA mismatch repair (mutS) gene regions supported this finding. In addition, one previously unidentified sequevar was identified using partial endoglucanase (egl) gene sequence analysis of those isolates obtained from Colombia. This study raises questions regarding the aetiology of the two Ralstonia species found on Eucalyptus, their importance relating to quarantine, potential impact and management of the disease with which they are associated.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Teresa A. Coutinho, Michael J. Wingfield

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Ralstonia solanacearum Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Colombia
Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum Eucalypt (Eucalyptus)