Plant Disease (2019) 103, 1126-1131

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Xuelian Sui, Rugang Li, Md Shamimuzzaman, Zujian Wu and Kai-Shu Ling (2019)
Understanding the transmissibility of Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus in watermelon seeds and seed health assays
Plant Disease 103 (6), 1126-1131
Abstract: Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV), an emerging tobamovirus, has caused serious disease outbreaks to cucurbit crops in several countries, including the United States. Although CGMMV is seed-borne, the mechanism of its transmission from a contaminated seed to germinating seedling is still not fully understood, and the most suitable seed health assay method has not been well established. To evaluate the mechanism of seed transmissibility, using highly contaminated watermelon seeds collected from CGMMV-infected experimental plants, bioassays were conducted in a greenhouse through seedling grow-out and by mechanical inoculation. Through natural seedling grow-out, we did not observe seed transmission of CGMMV to germinating seedlings. However, efficient transmission of CGMMV was observed using bioassays on melon plants through mechanical inoculation of seed extract prepared from CGMMV-contaminated seeds. Understanding the seed-borne property and the ease of mechanical transmission of CGMMV from a contaminated seed to seedling is an important finding. In comparative evaluation of various laboratory techniques for seed health assays, we found that enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and loop-mediated isothermal amplification were the most sensitive and reliable methods to detect CGMMV on cucurbit seeds. Because CGMMV is a seed-borne and highly contagious virus, a new infection might not result in a natural seedling grow-out; it could occur through mechanical transmission from contaminated seeds. Therefore, a sensitive seed health test is necessary to ensure CGMMV-free seed lots are used for planting.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Rugang Li, Zu-Jian Wu, Kai-Shu Ling

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
transmission/dispersal of plant diseases

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus Watermelon/colocynth (Citrullus)