Phytopathology (2019) 109, 1157-1170

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Jaime F. Willbur, Paul D. Mitchell, Mamadou L. Fall, Adam M. Byrne, Scott A. Chapman, Crystal M. Floyd, Carl A. Bradley, K.A. Ames, Martin I. Chilvers, Nathan M. Kleczewski, Dean K. Malvick, Brian D. Mueller, Daren S. Mueller, Mehdi Kabbage, Shawn P. Conley and Damon L. Smith (2019)
Meta-analytic and economic approaches for evaluation of pesticide impact on Sclerotinia stem rot control and soybean yield in the North Central United States
Phytopathology 109 (7), 1157-1170
Abstract: As complete host resistance in soybean has not been achieved, Sclerotinia stem rot (SSR) caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum continues to be of major economic concern for farmers. Thus, chemical control remains a prevalent disease management strategy. Pesticide evaluations were conducted in Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Wisconsin from 2009 to 2016, for a total of 25 site-years (n = 2,057 plot-level data points). These studies were used in network meta-analyses to evaluate the impact of 10 popular pesticide active ingredients, and seven common application timings on SSR control and yield benefit, compared with not treating with a pesticide. Boscalid and picoxystrobin frequently offered the best reductions in disease severity and best yield benefit (P < 0.0001). Pesticide applications (one- or two-spray programs) made during the bloom period provided significant reductions in disease severity index (DIX) (P < 0.0001) and led to significant yield benefits (P = 0.0009). Data from these studies were also used in nonlinear regression analyses to determine the effect of DIX on soybean yield. A three-parameter logistic model was found to best describe soybean yield loss (pseudo-R2 = 0.309). In modern soybean cultivars, yield loss due to SSR does not occur until 20 to 25% DIX, and considerable yield loss (-697 kg ha-1 or -10 bu acre-1) is observed at 68% DIX. Further analyses identified several pesticides and programs that resulted in greater than 60% probability for return on investment under high disease levels.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Paul D. Mitchell, Carl A. Bradley, Martin I. Chilvers, Nathan Kleczewski, Shawn P. Conley, Damon L. Smith

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
control - general

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum Soybean (Glycine max) U.S.A. (mid N)
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum Soybean (Glycine max) U.S.A. (NE)