Phytopathology (2006) 96, 667-672

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W.F.O. Marasas, R.C. Ploetz, M.J. Wingfield, B.D. Wingfield and E.T. Steenkamp (2006)
Mango malformation disease and the associated Fusarium species
Phytopathology 96 (6), 667-672
Abstract: Mango malformation disease (MMD) occurs in Asia, Africa, and the Americas and was first reported in India in 1891. The vegetative form of MMD was first reproduced in 1966 with Fusarium moniliforme and the floral form with isolates of F. moniliforme var. subglutinans from both vegetative shoots and floral tissue. The fungi were subsequently recognized as F. subglutinans. In 2002, a new species, F. mangiferae, was established based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences; it included strains of F. subglutinans from Egypt, Florida, Israel, Malaysia, and South Africa, some of which had been shown to cause MMD by artificial inoculation. At least three additional taxa have been associated with MMD: F. sterilihyphosum from Brazil and South Africa, and Fusarium sp. nov. and F. proliferatum (teleomorph: Gibberella intermedia) from Malaysia. To date, Koch's postulates have not been completed with them. In the future, gene sequencing will be essential to identify the Fusarium spp. that are associated with MMD. Work remains to be done on the morphology, sexual compatibility, pathogenicity, and toxigenicity of these taxa.
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Full text of article
Database assignments for author(s): Michael J. Wingfield, Brenda D. Wingfield, Randy C. Ploetz

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Fusarium proliferatum Mango (Mangifera indica) Malaysia
Fusarium mangiferae Malaysia
Fusarium mangiferae South Africa
Fusarium mangiferae Egypt
Fusarium mangiferae Israel
Fusarium mangiferae U.S.A. (SE)
Fusarium mangiferae Mango (Mangifera indica)
Fusarium sterilihyphosum Mango (Mangifera indica) South Africa