Neotropical Entomology (2005) 34, 349-354

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Denise Návia, Gilberto J. de Moraes, Antonio C. Lofego and Carlos H.W. Flechtmann (2005)
Acarofauna associada a frutos de coqueiro (Cocos nucifera L.) de algumas localidades das Américas
[Acarofauna associated with coconut fruits (Cocos nucifera L.) from some localities in America]
Neotropical Entomology 34 (2), 349-354
Abstract: Phytophagous and predatory mites associated with fruits of coconut from Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, USA and Venezuela were identified in this study. Three species of phytophagous mites (two Eriophyidae, one Tarsonemidae), four species of predatory mites (two Ascidae, two Phytoseiidae), and two species with unknown feeding habit (one Eupodidae, one Tydeidae) were found. Aceria guerreronis Keifer (Eriophyidae) were found in samples from Alagoas, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe and São Paulo, Brazil; and also from Cuba, Mexico, USA and Venezuela. Amrineus cocofolius Flechtmann (Eriophyidae) was found in samples from Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Sergipe, Brazil, from Colombia and from Mexico. The tarsonemid Steneotarsonemus furcatus De Leon was found on fruits from Alagoas, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Sergipe, Brazil. Symptoms observed on fruits infested by these phytophagous mites were described. The Ascidae species found were Proctolaelaps longipilis Chant and Proctolaelaps sp.; and the Phytoseiidae species were Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) ornatus (Denmark and Muma) and Typhlodromalus manihoti (Moraes). For our knowledge, these predator species were registered for the first time from coconut fruits around the world.

Neste trabalho foram identificados ácaros fitófagos e predadores associados a frutos de coqueiro de localidades do Brasil, Colômbia, Cuba, EUA, México e Venezuela. Foram encontradas três espécies de ácaros fitófagos (duas Eriophyidae, uma Tarsonemidae), quatro espécies de ácaros predadores (duas Ascidae, duas Phytoseiidae), e duas espécies de hábito alimentar pouco conhecido (uma Eupodidae, uma Tydeidae). Aceria guerreronis Keifer (Eriophyidae) foi encontrada nas amostras de Alagoas, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe e São Paulo, Brasil; e também de Cuba, EUA, México e Venezuela. Amrineus cocofolius Flechtmann (Eriophyidae) foi encontrada em amostras do Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo e Sergipe, Brasil; da Colômbia e do México. O tarsonemídeo Steneotarsonemus furcatus De Leon foi coletado em frutos provenientes de Alagoas, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro e Sergipe. Os sintomas observados em frutos infestados por esses ácaros fitófagos foram descritos. As espécies de Ascidae encontradas foram Proctolaelaps longipilis Chant e Proctolaelaps sp.; e as de Phytoseiidae foram Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) ornatus (Denmark and Muma) e Typhlodromalus manihoti (Moraes). Provavelmente essas espécies de ácaros predadores foram registradas, pela primeira vez, em frutos de coqueiro, no mundo.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
(original language: Portuguese)
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Database assignments for author(s): Gilberto J. de Moraes

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
surveys/sampling/distribution


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Aceria guerreronis Coconut (Cocos nucifera) Cuba
Aceria guerreronis Coconut (Cocos nucifera) Mexico
Aceria guerreronis Coconut (Cocos nucifera) Brazil (south)
Aceria guerreronis Coconut (Cocos nucifera) Venezuela
Aceria guerreronis Coconut (Cocos nucifera) Brazil (NE)
Steneotarsonemus furcatus Coconut (Cocos nucifera) Brazil (south)
Steneotarsonemus furcatus Coconut (Cocos nucifera) Brazil (NE)