Myodes glareolus

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Myodes glareolus (click on image to enlarge it)
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Myodes glareolus (Schreber, 1780) - (bank vole)

This vole is common and native in Europe and northern Russia. However, it is invasive in Ireland where it was accidentally introduced in the 1920s, aggressively competing with native rodents like the wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) and the pygmy shrew (Sorex minutus). In addition, it damages young forest trees like feeding on the buds of conifer seedlings and may also browse the bark of trees. It is further a reservoir of ticks and a carrier of human diseases.

The adult has a body of about 10 cm, with large ears and a tail of 4-7 cm. The fur is reddish-brown on the back and greyish underneath. It lives for about 2 years and has a litter of 4-8 about 4 times a year.

Vernacular names
• Deutsch: Rötelmaus
• English: bank vole
red-backed vole
• Español: topillo rojo
• Français: campagnol roussâtre


Synonyms:
Clethrionomys glareolus