This family of chewing lice includes more than 500 species that are parasitic on birds. They usually live at the base (shaft) of the feathers and feed on the skin and on blood. Young birds are particular susceptible. Several species are found on chicken or other poultry and are regarded as agricultural pests. The species of Menoponidae are small, often with a triangular head and very small antennae.
The following species are currently entered under Menoponidae: