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Lipoptena Nitzsch, 1818 - (deer keds)
This genus of louse flies contains around 30 species of small, blood-sucking flies. They parasitise deer and other species of bovines. Lipoptena cervi is commons in temperate regions of Europe, North America and Asia. The larvae develop inside the abdomen of the female flies. They leave the body of the female as prepuparium and are ready to pupate. The puparium can remain attached to the fur of its host or falls to the ground. The emerging adult is winged and flies off to seek a host. After settling on a host the wings are shed.
Currently, the following species have been entered into the system: