Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association (2018) 34, 265-271

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Dustin A. Swanson, Nathaniel O. Kapaldo, Elin Maki, James W. Carpenter and Lee W. Cohnstaedt (2018)
Diversity and abundance of nonculicid biting flies (Diptera) in a zoo environment
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 34 (4), 265-271
Abstract: The diversity of nonculicid biting flies was surveyed in Sunset Zoo, Manhattan, KS, by carbon dioxide–baited traps. A total of 8,399 nonculicid biting-fly females representing 32 species and 5 families were collected. Twenty-one biting midge (Ceratopogonidae: Culicoides) and 7 black fly (Simuliidae) species were collected, including new state records of 3 Culicoides and 1 simuliid. The species richness of Culicoides and Simuliidae within the zoo represents 72.4% and 41.2%, respectively, of the fauna known to occur in Kansas. Trap type significantly influenced (P < 0.05) collections of the 5 species analyzed, and trapping period affected 3 species. The diversity and abundance of nonculicid biting flies in the zoo as related to animal health and wellness is discussed.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Lee W. Cohnstaedt

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Stomoxys calcitrans U.S.A. (mid S)
Culicoides crepuscularis U.S.A. (mid S)
Culicoides sanguisuga U.S.A. (mid S)
Simulium meridionale U.S.A. (mid S)
Culicoides obsoletus U.S.A. (mid S)
Culicoides stellifer U.S.A. (mid S)
Culicoides haematopotus U.S.A. (mid S)