Journal of Phytopathology (2006) 154, 281-285

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L. Covarelli and L. Tosi (2006)
Presence of sunflower downy mildew in an integrated weed control field trial
Journal of Phytopathology 154 (5), 281-285
Abstract: Surveys were carried out during May-June 2004 to investigate the presence of sunflower plants (cv. Sanbro) showing systemic downy mildew infections in an experimental field located in central Italy (Umbria) where chemical and mechanical weed control measures were being compared. Race characterization of Plasmopara helianthi isolates, using the triplet coding system, resulted in race 703. Furthermore, greenhouse and laboratory experiments on the sensitivity of pathogen isolates to metalaxyl revealed an insufficient seed dressing of the commercial hybrid compared with the registered rate and a decreased sensitivity of P. helianthi isolates to metalaxyl. Besides, an increase of the disease incidence following some mechanical weed control measures was also noted. Plasmopara helianthi attacks could probably be attributed to agronomic (short crop rotation), phytosanitary (insufficient seed dressing) and genetic (lack of resistance genes) factors influenced by favourable climatic conditions.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Lorenzo Covarelli

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
environment - cropping system/rotation
population dynamics/ epidemiology

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Plasmopara halstedii Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Italy