Journal of Medical Entomology (2000) 37, 216-221

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Ana E. Jimenez, Julio C. Rojas, Flor Vargas and Marco V. Herrero (2000)
Temporal and spatial variation of phlebotomine (Diptera: Psychodidae) community diversity in a cutaneous leishmaniasis endemic area of Costa Rica
Journal of Medical Entomology 37 (2), 216-221
Abstract: Phlebotomine sand fly species composition and diversity were studied in Acosta, an area of Costa Rica endemic for cutaneous leishmaniasis. Two CDC miniature light traps per house were set overnight in 72 houses distributed in 6 localities, once a month, during the rainy seasons of 1994 and 1995. Of the 22 species collected, the most common were Lutzomyia serrana (Damasceno and Arouck), L. youngi Feliciangelli and Murillo, L. ylephiletor (Fairchild and Hertig), L. shannoni (Dyar), L. cruciata (Coquillett), L. gomezi (Nitzulescu), L. sanguinaria (Fairchild and Hertig), and Warileya rotundipennis (Fairchild and Hertig). The Czekanowsky index and the Sorensen index as modified by Bray and Curtis to consider abundance were used to compare species composition and ß-diversity. Comparisons were made among localities within years, between years, and localities each year. The data strongly indicated that phlebotomine species composition is more stable than diversity or abundance.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Julio C. Rojas

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
population dynamics/ epidemiology

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Lutzomyia youngi Costa Rica
Lutzomyia gomezi Costa Rica
Lutzomyia shannoni Costa Rica
Lutzomyia serrana Costa Rica
Lutzomyia ylephiletrix Costa Rica
Lutzomyia cruciata Costa Rica
Lutzomyia sanguinaria Costa Rica