IMA Fungus (2018) 9, 27-36

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Stephanie Van Wyk, Brenda D. Wingfield, Lieschen De Vos, Quentin C. Santana, Nicolaas A. Van der Merwe and Emma T. Steenkamp (2018)
Multiple independent origins for a subtelomeric locus associated with growth rate in Fusarium circinatum
IMA Fungus 9 (1), 27-36
Abstract: Fusarium is a diverse assemblage that includes a large number of species of considerable medical and agricultural importance. Not surprisingly, whole genome sequences for many Fusarium species have been published or are in the process of being determined, the availability of which is invaluable for deciphering the genetic basis of key phenotypic traits. Here we investigated the distribution, genic composition, and evolutionary history of a locus potentially determining growth rate in the pitch canker pathogen F. circinatum. We found that the genomic region underlying this locus is highly conserved amongst F. circinatum and its close relatives, except for the presence of a 12 000 base pair insertion in all of the examined isolates of F. circinatum. This insertion encodes for five genes and our phylogenetic analyses revealed that each was most likely acquired through horizontal gene transfer from polyphyletic origins. Our data further showed that this region is located in a region low in G+C content and enriched for repetitive sequences and transposable elements, which is situated near the telomere of Chromosome 3 of F. circinatum. As have been shown for other fungi, these findings thus suggest that the emergence of the unique 12 000 bp region in F. circinatum is linked to the dynamic evolutionary processes associated with subtelomeres that, in turn, have been implicated in the ecological adaptation of fungal pathogens.
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Database assignments for author(s): Brenda D. Wingfield

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
molecular biology - genes

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Fusarium circinatum Pine (Pinus) South Africa