Forest Pathology (2009) 39, 349-360

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C.A. Pérez, M.J. Wingfield, N.A. Altier and R.A. Blanchette (2009)
Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae associated with Eucalyptus leaf diseases and stem cankers in Uruguay
Forest Pathology 39 (5), 349-360
Abstract: Mycosphaerella leaf diseases represent one of the most important impediments to Eucalyptus plantation forestry. Yet they have been afforded little attention in Uruguay where these trees are an important resource for a growing pulp industry. The objective of this study was to identify species of Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae resulting from surveys in all major Eucalyptus growing areas of the country. Species identification was based on morphological characteristics and DNA sequence comparisons for the Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) region of the rDNA operon. A total of ten Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae were found associated with leaf spots and stem cankers on Eucalyptus. Of these, Mycosphaerella aurantia, M. heimii, M. lateralis, M. scytalidii, Pseudocercospora norchiensis, Teratosphaeria ohnowa and T. pluritubularis are newly recorded in Uruguay. This is also the first report of M. aurantia occurring outside of Australia, and the first record of P. norchiensis and T. pluritubularis in South America. New hosts were identified for Kirramyces gauchensis, M. aurantia, M. marksii, M. lateralis, M. scytalidii, P. norchiensis, T. molleriana, T. ohnowa and T. pluritubularis. Interestingly K. gauchensis, which has been known only as a stem pathogen, was isolated from leaf spots on E. maidenii and E. tereticornis. The large number of Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae occurring in Uruguay is disturbing and raises concerns regarding the introduction of new pathogens that could threaten not only Eucalyptus plantations but also native forests.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Carlos A. Perez, Michael J. Wingfield, Robert A. Blanchette

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Uwebraunia dekkeri Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Uruguay
Pseudocercospora epispermogonia Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Uruguay
Amycosphaerella africana Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Uruguay
Teratosphaeria molleriana Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Uruguay
Pallidocercospora heimii Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Uruguay
Teratosphaeria gauchensis Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Uruguay
Phaeophleospora scytalidii Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Uruguay
Pseudocercospora norchiensis Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Uruguay
Pseudoteratosphaeria ohnowa Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Uruguay
Teratosphaeria pluritubularis Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Uruguay