European Journal of Plant Pathology (2008) 122, 287-295

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E. Rodríguez, J.M. García-Garrido, P.A. García and M. Campos (2008)
Agricultural factors affecting Verticillium wilt in olive orchards in Spain
European Journal of Plant Pathology 122 (2), 287-295
Abstract: In recent years, the spread of Verticillium wilt in olive orchards, caused by the soil-borne pathogen Verticillium dahliae, is often related to intensive modern farming of highly productive cultivars, planted at high densities, usually irrigated, and under a mechanised system. The effects of agricultural factors associated with olive orchards were investigated in an important olive-growing area in southern Spain, as tools in predicting outbreaks of the disease. A stratified double-sampling technique was designed to determine the number of olive orchards needed to survey. A sampling survey was conducted from 2002 to 2005 in 873 olive orchards randomly selected, the owners were interviewed for details of agronomic factors, and orchards were inspected for the presence or absence of the disease. Polymerase chain reaction assays were carried out for identifying V. dahliae pathotypes. Pathogen prevalence showed a significant linear correlation with the mean plant density (r 2 = 0.93), associated predominantly with a less virulent non-defoliating pathotype (r 2 = 0.96). Overall, irrigation × high density caused disease incidence to peak in super-high-density olive-tree-planting systems. Olive orchards that had V. dahliae, however, did not differ in pathogen prevalence regardless of the olive cultivars. Young olive orchards were significantly more affected by V. dahliae than were old ones, particularly orchards with trees 8 to 12 years old. Irrigation increased pathogen prevalence and disease incidence in very young orchards (<7 years old). The prevalence of the non-defoliating pathotype was statistically high in young orchards whereas the prevalence of a highly virulent defoliating pathotype was high in old orchards.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Estefanía Rodriguez

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
population dynamics/ epidemiology
environment - cropping system/rotation

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Verticillium dahliae Olive (Olea europaea) Spain (continental)