Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (2007) 123, 247-252

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Marc Rhainds, Josée Doyon, Jean Rivoal and Jacques Brodeur (2007)
Thrips-induced damage of chrysanthemum inflorescences: evidence for enhanced leakage of carotenoid pigments
Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 123 (3), 247-252
Abstract: The present study quantifies the leakage of carotenoid pigments in senescing inflorescences of chrysanthemum, Dendranthema grandiflora Tzelev (Asteraceae), infested or not with western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). The extractability of pigments was evaluated at repeated intervals by measuring the absorbance of immersion and crude extracts of inflorescences, using 447 nm as a diagnostic wavelength (absorption peak of lutein, a predominant carotenoid pigment in chrysanthemum with yellow inflorescences). The absorbance of immersion extracts increased over time and was higher for inflorescences infested with thrips than control inflorescences; the opposite trends were observed for crude extracts of inflorescences. These results suggest that both natural and thrips-induced senescence of chrysanthemum inflorescences are characterized by enhanced extractability of pigments in organic solvents, most likely resulting from a disruption of cellular membranes. Thin layer chromatography analysis confirmed the presence of lutein in immersion extracts of thrips-infested inflorescences, providing further support to the hypothesis that the mechanical damage caused by thrips is linked with a leakage of cellular content. An enhanced extractability of pigments in organic solvents may be a widespread phenomenon characterizing floral senescence in non-climacteric plants.
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Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Marc Rhainds, Josée Doyon

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Frankliniella occidentalis Chrysanthemum (genus)