Ecology and Evolution (2015) 5, 4210-4220

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Matsepo Taole, Wubetu Bihon, Brenda D. Wingfield, Michael J. Wingfield and Treena I. Burgess (2015)
Multiple introductions from multiple sources: invasion patterns for an important Eucalyptus leaf pathogen
Ecology and Evolution 5 (18), 4210-4220
Abstract: Many population studies on invasive plant pathogens are undertaken without knowing the center of origin of the pathogen. Most leaf pathogens of Eucalyptus originate in Australia and consequently with indigenous populations available, and it is possible to study the pathways of invasion. Teratosphaeria suttonii is a commonly occurring leaf pathogen of Eucalyptus species, naturally distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of eastern Australia where it is regarded as a minor pathogen infecting older leaves; however, repeated infections, especially in exotic plantations, can result in severe defoliation and tree deaths. Nine polymorphic microsatellite markers were used to assess the genetic structure of 11 populations of T. suttonii of which four where from within its native range in eastern Australia and the remaining seven from exotic Eucalyptus plantations. Indigenous populations exhibited high allele and haplotype diversity, predominantly clonal reproduction, high population differentiation, and low gene flow. The diversity of the invasive populations varied widely, but in general, the younger the plantation industry in a country or region, the lower the diversity of T. suttonii. Historical gene flow was from Australia, and while self-recruitment was dominant in all populations, there was evidence for contemporary gene flow, with South Africa being the most common source and Uruguay the most common sink population. This points distinctly to human activities underlying long-distance spread of this pathogen, and it highlights lessons to be learned regarding quarantine.
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Full text of article
Database assignments for author(s): Treena Burgess, Brenda D. Wingfield, Michael J. Wingfield

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
molecular biology - genes
population dynamics/ epidemiology

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Teratosphaeria epicoccoides Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) China (south)
Teratosphaeria epicoccoides Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Indonesia
Teratosphaeria epicoccoides Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Vietnam
Teratosphaeria epicoccoides Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Australia (South+SE)
Teratosphaeria epicoccoides Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) South Africa
Teratosphaeria epicoccoides Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Uruguay
Teratosphaeria epicoccoides Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) U.S.A. (SE)
Teratosphaeria epicoccoides Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Australia (NT+QLD)
Teratosphaeria epicoccoides Eucalypt (Eucalyptus) Australia (Western)