The family of bed bugs contains flat, blood-sucking species. They parasitize mammals and birds and are active during the night. They hide during the day, e.g. in cracks in the wall or in furnitures where they also deposite eggs. Several species feed on humans, above all the common bed bug.
The family contains around 90 species which have an oval shape and very short, not functional wing pads. The rostrum lies in a ventral groove. Ocelli are absent and the tarsi have 3 segments.
For a review on the biology of the family see Reinhardt and Siva-Jothy, 2007.
The following genera are currently entered under this family: