Biological Invasions (2017) 19, 3215-3228

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Michael J. Wingfield, Irene Barnes, Z. Wilhelm de Beer, Jolanda Roux, Brenda D. Wingfield and Stephen J. Taerum (2017)
Novel associations between ophiostomatoid fungi, insects and tree hosts: current status—future prospects
Biological Invasions 19 (11), 3215-3228
Abstract: Associations between fungal tree pathogens and insects have been recognized for at least 100 years. An important group of these fungi, termed 'ophiostomatoid fungi' on account of their morphological similarity, are represented by genera in the families Ceratocystidaceae and Ophiostomataceae. Associations between these fungi, tree-colonizing insects, and host trees have been actively researched since their first discovery. Human activities have led to the global movement of fungi from both families, resulting in the establishment of new and sometimes damaging associations between these fungi, insects and trees. Recent 'black swan' events have resulted in an unprecedented increase of ambrosia and bark beetle-associated diseases of forest and fruit trees. We revisit some of the most important emergent diseases caused by the ophiostomatoid fungi, outline the reasons behind the emergence of these diseases, and consider long-term prospects regarding the threats that they pose to forestry and agriculture.
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Database assignments for author(s): Michael J. Wingfield, Brenda D. Wingfield, Irene Barnes, Z. Wilhelm de Beer, Jolanda Roux

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
environment - cropping system/rotation


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.
Xyleborus glabratus
Raffaelea lauricola