Biocontrol Science and Technology (1999) 9, 523-527

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F.J.J.A. Bianchi, N.N. Joosten, S. Gutierrez, T.M. Reijnen, W. Van Der Werf and J.M. Vlak (1999)
The polyhedral membrane does not protect polyhedra of AcMNPV against inactivation on greenhouse chrysanthemum
Biocontrol Science and Technology 9 (4), 523-527
Abstract: Polyhedral inactivation of wild-type AcMNPV and an AcMNPV mutant lacking the gene for the polyhedral membrane protein (AcMNPV-Delta pp34) was studied on greenhouse chrysanthemum. It was hypothesized that polyhedra without a polyhedral membrane might be more susceptible to inactivation on plants. The density of infectious polyhedra of both viruses on the leaf surface decreased in time in a near-exponential fashion. The inactivation curves suggested the presence of two distinct fractions of polyhedra with differences in persistence. One fraction of polyhedra is not inactivated at all, whereas the other fraction is inactivated in an exponential fashion. Relative inactivation rates of the inactivated polyhedra fraction for wild-type AcMNPV and AcMNPV-Delta pp34 were 0.16 and 0.13 per day, respectively, which is not significantly different. After 28 days on leaves in a greenhouse, both viruses still showed residual infectivity. The fraction of residual infectious polyhedra were not significantly different and amounted to approximately 20% of the original density for both wild-type AcMNPV and AcMNPV-Delta pp34. Therefore, the polyhedral membrane does not protect polyhedra against inactivation on greenhouse chrysanthemum.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Just M. Vlak, Wopke van der Werf, Felix J.J.A. Bianchi

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (entomopathogen)