BioControl (2009) 54, 825-835

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Beatriz M. Diaz, Monike Oggerin, Claudia C. López Lastra, Victor Rubio and Alberto Fereres (2009)
Characterization and virulence of Lecanicillium lecanii against different aphid species
BioControl 54 (6), 825-835
Abstract: Seven isolates of Lecanicillium lecanii (Zimmermann) Zare and Gams isolated in Spain from infected aphids were characterized using sequences of the Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) regions and also based on morphological and physiological characteristics. Four of these seven L. lecanii isolates were selected to assess their virulence against nymphs of Myzus persicae (Sulzer), Nasonovia ribisnigri (Mosley), Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas) and Aphis gossypii Glover. Mortality (%), lethal concentration 50 (LC50) and lethal time 50 (TC50) were calculated. The analysis of the sequences of ITS region confirmed that the new isolates were clearly Lecanicillium lecanii. The set of isolates had similar radial growth (51.5-54.0 mm), except for ICAL1 (39 mm). The germination time 50 (GT50) varied between 10.7 h (ICAL3) and 13 h (ICAL5). The isolate ICAL6 showed the highest value for conidial production (3.4 × 108 con ml−1) and also produced the highest mortality for M. persicae (95%) and was more virulent than the commercial product Vertalec® (91.6%).
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Beatriz Maria Díaz, Alberto Fereres

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Aphis gossypii
Myzus persicae Green pepper/chilli (Capsicum) Spain (continental)
Macrosiphum euphorbiae Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Spain (continental)
Nasonovia ribisnigri Lettuce (Lactuca) Spain (continental)
Akanthomyces lecanii (entomopathogen) Aphis gossypii
Akanthomyces lecanii (entomopathogen) Myzus persicae Green pepper/chilli (Capsicum) Spain (continental)
Akanthomyces lecanii (entomopathogen) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Spain (continental)
Akanthomyces lecanii (entomopathogen) Nasonovia ribisnigri Lettuce (Lactuca) Spain (continental)