Australasian Plant Pathology (2013) 42, 413-420

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Rodrigo Ahumada, Alessandro Rotella, Bernard Slippers and Michael J. Wingfield (2013)
Pathogenicity and sporulation of Phytophthora pinifolia on Pinus radiata in Chile
Australasian Plant Pathology 42 (4), 413-420
Abstract: Phytophthora pinifolia causes the needle and shoot disease of Pinus radiata known as Daño Foliar del Pino (DFP) in Chile. The first pathogenicity trials with this organism utilized mycelial plugs placed on stem wounds. These resulted in lesions in the tissue, but did not reproduce the resinous bands on the needles, which are the most characteristics symptoms of the disease under natural conditions. In this study, stem inoculations were repeated, but to complete Koch's postulates fully, and to confirm that P. pinifolia causes the symptoms observed on naturally infected trees, zoospore/sporangial suspensions were used to inoculate pine foliage. This method produced the same symptoms observed on needles infected naturally. These results confirm that P. pinifolia is the causal agent of the Daño Foliar del Pino on P. radiata in Chile and successfully completed Koch's postulates for the first time. Pathogenicity tests on different Pinus spp. and hybrids showed a wide range of responses to inoculation with P. pinifolia mycelial plugs, from highly susceptible to resistant. Monitoring of sporulation revealed that the sporangia commonly remain on the needles for extended periods of time and their frequency of occurrence and dispersal appear to increase during the rainy season.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Bernard Slippers, Michael J. Wingfield

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Phytophthora pinifolia Pine (Pinus) Chile (continental)