Applied Entomology and Zoology (2014) 49, 305-314

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Wan-Xue Liu, Wei Wang, Li-Sheng Cheng, Jian-Yang Guo and Fang-Hao Wan (2014)
Contrasting patterns of ovarian development and oogenesis in two sympatric host-feeding parasitoids, Diglyphus isaea and Neochrysocharis formosa (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae)
Applied Entomology and Zoology 49 (2), 305-314
Abstract: Diglyphus isaea (Walker) and Neochrysocharis formosa (Westwood) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) are common idiobiont parasitoids of leafminers attacking vegetable crops. They exhibit differing levels of synovigeny, and host feeding enhances their fecundity and longevity. The reproductive systems of these two parasitoids are typical of hymenopteran eulophids, consisting of two ovaries, each usually comprising three polytrophic meroistic ovarioles. Diglyphus isaea possesses two obvious oviduct accessory glands, which are absent in N. formosa. Both parasitoids underwent oosorption when starved, while feeding on host larvae promoted oogenesis and egg maturation. In both, oogenesis and vitellogenesis commenced on the first day of the pupal stage rather than after eclosion. Formation of ovarioles in D. isaea commenced 1 day earlier than in N. formosa. Mature eggs were rarely observed in ovaries of newly emerged D. isaea, but usually a few were present in N. formosa. When hosts (second-third instar Liriomyza sativae larvae) were provided, the number of mature eggs in D. isaea ovaries initially increased and then stabilized, while in N. formosa, the number first increased and then decreased. Diglyphus isaea had fewer but larger eggs than N. formosa did. Thus, synovigenic divergence begins at the pupal stage and may result in different life-history traits of adults.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Fang Hao Wan

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Liriomyza huidobrensis Celery (Apium graveolens) China (south)
Liriomyza sativae
Diglyphus isaea (parasitoid) Liriomyza huidobrensis Celery (Apium graveolens) China (south)
Diglyphus isaea (parasitoid) Liriomyza sativae
Closterocerus formosus (parasitoid) Liriomyza huidobrensis Celery (Apium graveolens) China (south)
Closterocerus formosus (parasitoid) Liriomyza sativae