Agromyza frontella

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Agromyza frontella mines on alfalfa (click on image to enlarge it)
Author(s): Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University
Source: IPM Images

Agromyza frontella (Rondani, 1875) - (alfalfa blotch leafminer)

This leaf mining fly is native to Europe and surrounding regions. It is introduced in North America (first record in 1968), where it infests alfalfa and has become a pest in some areas. Several parasitoids have been successfully introduced into North America, see Drea Jr. & Hendrickson (1986). It is now regarded as a minor pest in most parts of North America.

Apart from alfalfa, the host plants also include other Medicago species, Trifolium species like clover and Melilotus.

Vernacular names
• Deutsch: Luzerneminierfliege
• English: alfalfa blotch leafminer
• Français: mineuse virgule de la luzerne