Tropical Plant Pathology (2009) 34, 10-17

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Reginaldo G. Mafia, Acelino C. Alfenas, Luiz Antônio Maffia, Eraclides M. Ferreira, Daniel Henrique B. Binoti and Gizella M. Ventura Mafia (2009)
Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria as agents in the biocontrol of eucalyptus mini-cutting rot
Tropical Plant Pathology 34 (1), 10-17
Abstract: The effectiveness of ten plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) was evaluated for the control of mini-cutting rot of eucalyptus caused by Cylindrocladium candelabrum and Rhizoctonia solani. Inhibition of the "in vitro" mycelial growth of each pathogen differed with PGPR isolate and culture medium evaluated. The most effective group of isolates was FL2 (Pseudomonas sp.), 3918, S1 and S2 (Bacillus subtilis). Under nursery conditions, isolate Ca (Pseudomonas fulva) reduced the incidence of mini-cutting rot caused by C. candelabrum by 33% compared to the control, and by 27% compared to a fungicide treatment (epoxiconazole + pyraclostrobin: 0.4 g.L-1). Inoculum density of C. candelabrum in the eucalyptus rooting medium decreased significantly beginning at 10 days after the medium was treated with the PGPR isolates. Isolate Ca was the most efficient in reducing the C. candelabrum inoculum at 15 days and in promoting rooting and growth of eucalyptus. For R. solani, no differences in disease incidence were found among treatments. Sensitivity of the PGPR isolates to ten fungicides differed widely. Tebuconazole completely inhibited 80% of the isolates, but epoxiconazole + pyraclostrobin only inhibited the S1 isolate. Isolate S1 was the most sensitive and isolates 3918 and MF2 the most resistant to the majority of active ingredients tested. Isolate Ca was selected for biological control studies in eucalyptus nursery conditions.
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Database assignments for author(s): Acelino C. Alfenas, Luiz A. Maffia

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution
resistance to pesticides

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Rhizoctonia solani Eucalypt (Eucalyptus)
Calonectria candelabra Eucalypt (Eucalyptus)
Pseudomonas fulva (antagonist) Calonectria candelabra Eucalypt (Eucalyptus)