Phytoparasitica (2016) 44, 435-442

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Kerry O'Donnell, Ran Libeskind-Hadas, Jiri Hulcr, Craig Bateman, Matthew T. Kasson, Randy C. Ploetz, Joshua L. Konkol, Jill N. Ploetz, Daniel Carrillo, Alina Campbell, Rita E. Duncan, Pradeepa N.H. Liyanage, Akif Eskalen, Shannon C. Lynch, David M. Geiser, Stanley Freeman, Zvi Mendel, Michal Sharon, Takayuki Aoki, Allard A. Cossé and Alejandro P. Rooney (2016)
Invasive Asian FusariumEuwallacea ambrosia beetle mutualists pose a serious threat to forests, urban landscapes and the avocado industry
Phytoparasitica 44 (4), 435-442
Abstract: Several species of the ambrosia beetle Euwallacea (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) cultivate Ambrosia Fusarium Clade (AFC) species in their galleries as a source of food. Like all other scolytine beetles in the tribe Xyleborini, Euwallacea are thought to be obligate mutualists with their fungal symbionts. Published diversification-time estimates suggest that the EuwallaceaFusarium symbiosis evolved once approximately 21 million years ago. Female Euwallacea possess paired oral mycangia within which foundresses transport their Fusarium symbiont vertically from their natal gallery to new woody hosts. During the past two decades, exotic Asian EuwallaceaFusarium mutualists have been introduced into the United States, Israel and Australia. Because these invasive pests attack and can reproduce on living woody hosts, they pose a serious threat to native forests, urban landscapes and the avocado industry.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
(original language: English)
Link to article at publishers website

Database assignments for author(s): Jiri Hulcr, Daniel Carrillo, Stanley Freeman, Zvi Mendel, Randy C. Ploetz, Akif Eskalen, Alina S. Campbell, Takayuki Aoki, Rita E. Duncan

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.
Euwallacea (genus) Israel