Pest Management Science (2012) 68, 1368-1373

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Marco Aurélio G. Pimentel, Leda Rita A. Faroni, Alberto S. Corrêa and Raul Narciso C. Guedes (2012)
Phosphine-induced walking response of the lesser grain borer (Rhyzopertha dominica)
Pest Management Science 68 (10), 1368-1373
Abstract: BACKGROUND: In spite of the intensive worldwide use of phosphine against stored-product insects, its potential sublethal effects on targeted insect species is seldom recognised and may compromise the efficacy of this fumigant, particularly against phosphine-resistant insects. Therefore, the behavioural response of three populations of the lesser grain borer Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) to sublethal phosphine exposure was assessed.
RESULTS: Concentration-mortality bioassays with phosphine confirmed the resistance status of the insect populations studied, with levels of phosphine resistance of 40.8-fold and 85.7-fold compared with the susceptible population. Regarding walking behaviour, determined using a digital video-tracking system, the phosphine-resistant populations were less active than the susceptible population. In addition, sublethal phosphine exposure decreased the walking activity of all three populations.
CONCLUSION: Phosphine exposure decreased walking ativity. Such reduced walking activity is likely to lower the respiration rate, thereby minimising phosphine uptake. As higher phosphine resistance was also associated with reduced walking activity, phosphine-resistant populations may resist phosphine fumigation even more efficiently on account of this behavioural trait, further aiding their physiological resistance, and should be a matter of concern.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Raul Narciso C. Guedes

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
control - general
pesticide resistance of pest

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Rhyzopertha dominica