Journal of Pest Science (2013) 86, 563-569

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C.A.D. Silva and F.S. Ramalho (2013)
Kaolin spraying protects cotton plants against damages by boll weevil Anthonomus grandis Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
Journal of Pest Science 86 (3), 563-569
Abstract: The high cost of insecticides, the emergence of insecticide resistance in populations of a number of insect species and other problems arising from their continuous use, such as biological imbalance, cotton fiber waste, and environmental pollution, have prompted the development of new technologies aiming the control of Anthonomus grandis Boheman in cotton crops. This study evaluated the level of protection conferred by kaolin clay foliar spraying to cotton plants against boll weevil damage. Treatment-tested spraying kaolin or endosulfan on cotton plants. The highest percentage of oviposition-punctured squares were observed in the control, and the lowest percentages in the treatments sprayed with endosulfan and kaolin in a systematic manner and where the boll weevil reached the economic threshold at all assessments. The greatest numbers of non-attacked bolls by weevils and cotton-seed yield were observed under the endosulfan treatments, followed by the treatments of kaolin spraying. The smallest number of bolls and lowest cotton-seed yield were observed for the control plots. These finding are of practical significance because they may reduce the cotton production cost and environmental impacts of chemical pesticides and make possible the production of organic cotton with the presence of boll weevils.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Francisco de Sousa Ramalho

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
control - general

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Anthonomus grandis Cotton (Gossypium)