Journal of Integrated Pest Management (2011) 2, A1-A7

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K.J. Tilmon, E.W. Hodgson, M.E. O'Neal and D.W. Ragsdale (2011)
Biology of the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in the United States
Journal of Integrated Pest Management 2 (2), A1-A7
Abstract: The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is a significant insect pest of soybean in the north-central region of the United States and southern Canada, and if left untreated can reduce yield value by $2.4 billion annually. The soybean aphid is native to eastern Asia, where soybean was first domesticated, and was first detected in the United States in 2000. It quickly spread within 4 years of its discovery across 22 states and three provinces of Canada. Heavy infestations can result in a covering of sooty mold, yellow and wrinkled leaves, stunted plants, and aborted pods leading to significant yield loss of 40% or more. It can also transmit plant viruses such as Soybean mosaic virus and Alfalfa mosaic virus. The soybean aphid has a complex life cycle that involves different physical forms, sexual stages, and two host plant species-soybean and buckthorn (the overwintering host). Plant nutrition, natural enemies, climate, and weather all affect population growth rate, but the typical population doubling time is ≈6-7 days. Though at present management is primarily through broad-spectrum insecticides, biological control has a significant impact on soybean aphid population growth, and aphid-resistant soybean varieties are becoming increasingly available.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Full text of article
Database assignments for author(s): Kelley J. Tilmon, Erin W. Hodgson

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
review


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Aphis glycines Soybean (Glycine max) Canada (east)
Aphis glycines Soybean (Glycine max) U.S.A. (mid N)
Aphis glycines Soybean (Glycine max) U.S.A. (mid S)
Aphis glycines Soybean (Glycine max) U.S.A. (NE)
Aphis glycines Soybean (Glycine max) Canada (west)