Journal of General Virology (2000) 81, 3107-3114

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O. Preisig, N. Moleleki, W.A. Smit, B.D. Wingfield and M.J. Wingfield (2000)
A novel RNA mycovirus in a hypovirulent isolate of the plant pathogen Diaporthe ambigua
Journal of General Virology 81 (12), 3107-3114
Abstract: Hypovirulent isolates of the fruit tree fungal pathogen Diaporthe ambigua have previously been shown to harbour a double-stranded (ds)RNA genetic element of about 4 kb. In this study, we established the complete cDNA sequence of this dsRNA, which represents a replicative form of a positive-strand RNA virus that we have named D. ambigua RNA virus (DaRV). The nucleotide sequence of the genome is 4113 bp and has a GC content of 53%. Two large ORFs are present in the same reading frame. They are most probably translated by readthrough of a UAG stop codon in the central part of the genome. The longest possible translation product (p125) has a predicted molecular mass of about 125 kDa. A significant homology can be found to the non-structural proteins of carmoviruses of the positive-strand RNA virus family Tombusviridae. These proteins also include the conserved RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RDRP) domain. In contrast to the genome organization of these plant viruses, no ORF is present at the 3' end of the DaRV genome that encodes a coat protein. Therefore, it is proposed that DaRV is not encapsidated but that it occurs as RNA–RDRP complexes and/or that it might be associated with cell membranes. Interestingly, six putative transmembrane helices are predicted in the N-terminal part of p56 (translation product of the first ORF, N-terminal part of p125), which might direct and anchor the viral complex to membranes. DaRV is a mycovirus with a unique genome organization and has a distant relationship to the plant virus family Tombusviridae.
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Database assignments for author(s): Oliver Preisig, Brenda D. Wingfield, Michael J. Wingfield

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Diaporthe ambigua