Journal of General Plant Pathology (2015) 81, 261-270

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Sumyya Waliullah, Naomi Kosaka, Takashi Yaeno, Md. Emran Ali, Ken-Taro Sekine, Go Atsumi, Naoto Yamaoka, Masamichi Nishiguchi, Hideki Takahashi and Kappei Kobayashi (2015)
Cauliflower mosaic virus Tav protein induces leaf chlorosis in transgenic tobacco through a host response to virulence function of Tav
Journal of General Plant Pathology 81 (4), 261-270
Abstract: To study the precise mechanisms underlying the chlorosis caused by plant viruses, we previously established a synchronous experimental system using transgenic plants expressing Cauliflower mosaic virus multifunctional protein, Tav (transactivator/viroplasmin), under the control of an artificially inducible promoter. Shortly after the induction of Tav expression, pathogenesis-related protein (PR) 1a gene expression is upregulated in the transgenic tobacco lines, which show visible chlorosis within a week. The present study showed that the expression of Tav also induces some salicylic acid (SA)- and ethylene-responsive PR genes. In contrast to transiently expressed Tav, which suppressed Agrobacterium-induced and SA-induced PR1a expression, the artificial induction of Tav from the transgene did not affect SA-induced PR1a expression, rather it alone induced PR1a expression. In a deletion analysis, chlorosis and PR1a induction function in transgenic tobacco were mapped to a region in Tav that had been shown to have a role in pathogenesis in a susceptible host, elicitation of the hypersensitive response in a resistant host, suppression of RNA silencing, and the suppression of Tomato bushy stunt virus P19-mediated cell death in tobacco. The results suggest that Tav-induced chlorosis results from a host response, which accompanies PR1a induction, to pathogenic function of Tav.
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Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Masamichi Nishiguchi, Hideki Takahashi

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
molecular biology - genes

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Cauliflower mosaic virus