Journal of Entomological Science (2007) 42, 163-173

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Alvin M. Simmons and Jesusa C. Legaspi (2007)
Ability of Delphastus catalinae (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), a predator of whiteflies (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae), to survive mild winters
Journal of Entomological Science 42 (2), 163-173
Abstract: Delphastus catalinae (Horn) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is a predator of whiteflies and is sold by commercial insectaries to help manage Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius). This beetle is tropical in origin, but feral populations in the USA are known to persist in southern California and in central and southern Florida. Field populations of D. catalinae are not known to occur in northern Florida, GA, or South Carolina, and there has not been any report of field releases in these areas. A study was conducted to determine the ability of D. catalinae to survive in regions with mild winters where B. tabaci survives year-round, such as coastal South Carolina and northern Florida. Delphastus catalinae was sampled in field cages from December to April in 2002-2004. Only a few individuals were collected at the end of each winter. In the laboratory, at a constant temperature of 15°C, adult survival was up to 9 months (269 d), whereas survival was up to 16 d at 5°C. Without food, adult longevity was decreased by about 90%. A sample of the population from a laboratory test indicated that old females (at least 242 d) produced viable eggs. Eggs held at 5°C did not hatch, whereas 48% of those held at 15°C hatched. Conversely, 98% of eggs held at 25°C hatched. At 15°C, none of the larvae survived to the pupal stage, whereas at 25°C, 86% of the larvae survived to the adult stage. Winter temperatures near freezing may result in excessive D. catalinae mortality and few or no survivals at the end of the winter. These results help define the impact of long-term low temperatures on the northern geographical limit of D. catalinae and will aid in whitefly management decisions regarding this predator.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Database assignments for author(s): Alvin M. Simmons, Jesusa Crisostomo Legaspi

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution
environment/habitat manipulation

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Bemisia tabaci U.S.A. (SE)
Delphastus catalinae (predator) Bemisia tabaci U.S.A. (SE)