Journal of Economic Entomology (2012) 105, 259-271

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Nicholas P. Schmidt, Matthew E. O'Neal, Paul F. Anderson, Doris Lagos, David Voegtlin, Wayne Bailey, Petrutza Caragea, Eileen Cullen, Christina DiFonzo, Kate Elliott, Claudio Gratton, Douglas Johnson, Christian H. Krupke, Brian McCornack, Robert O'Neil, David W. Ragsdale, Kelley J. Tilmon and Jeff Whitworth (2012)
Spatial distribution of Aphis glycines (Hemiptera: Aphididae): A summary of the suction trap network
Journal of Economic Entomology 105 (1), 259-271
Abstract: The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is an economically important pest of soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merrill, in the United States. Phenological information of A. glycines is limited; specifically, little is known about factors guiding migrating aphids and potential impacts of long distance flights on local population dynamics. Increasing our understanding of A. glycines population dynamics may improve predictions of A. glycines outbreaks and improve management efforts. In 2005 a suction trap network was established in seven Midwest states to monitor the occurrence of alates. By 2006, this network expanded to 10 states and consisted of 42 traps. The goal of the STN was to monitor movement of A. glycines from their overwintering host Rhamnus spp. to soybean in spring, movement among soybean fields during summer, and emigration from soybean to Rhamnus in fall. The objective of this study was to infer movement patterns of A. glycines on a regional scale based on trap captures, and determine the suitability of certain statistical methods for future analyses. Overall, alates were not commonly collected in suction traps until June. The most alates were collected during a 3-wk period in the summer (late July to mid-August), followed by the fall, with a peak capture period during the last 2 wk of September. Alate captures were positively correlated with latitude, a pattern consistent with the distribution of Rhamnus in the United States, suggesting that more southern regions are infested by immigrants from the north.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Matthew E. O'Neal, Claudio Gratton, Eileen M. Cullen

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
population dynamics/ epidemiology

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Aphis glycines U.S.A. (mid N)
Aphis glycines U.S.A. (mid S)
Aphis glycines U.S.A. (NE)