Journal of Economic Entomology (1998) 91, 1415-1426

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S.E. Naranjo, P.C. Ellsworth, C.C. Chu, T.J. Henneberry, D.G. Riley, T.F. Watson and R.L. Nichols (1998)
Action thresholds for the management of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera : Aleyrodidae) in cotton
Journal of Economic Entomology 91 (6), 1415-1426
Abstract: A 2-yr, multistate project was initiated in 1994 to determine action thresholds for management of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) Biotype B (=B. argentifolii Bellows and Perring) in cotton using chemical insecticides. Identical experimental designs and data collection protocols were used at sites in Brawley, CA, Yuma and Maricopa, AZ, and Weslaco, TX. The prescriptive application of insecticides based on 4 candidate action threshold levels (2.5, 5, 10, or 20 adult B. tabaci per leaf) were compared with one another and an untreated control. In general, there were few differences in whitefly populations among action thresholds of 2.5, 5, and 10 adults per leaf at sites in Arizona and California. All insecticide treatments typically reduced population densities below those in untreated control plots. Insecticide applications were generally ineffective in Weslaco, possibly due to reduced insecticide susceptibility or the late onset of pest infestation, and there were few differences in population density among treatments. Yields were higher in sprayed treatments, but there was little difference among threshold levels. Yield differences were not detected among any treatments for Yuma and Weslaco in 1994 and for Maricopa in 1995. The levels of lint stickiness due to honeydew deposition, as measured by thermodetector, were not consistent among sites and were not generally related to pest densities in the different threshold treatments. Levels of stickiness tended to be higher in 1994. There were no treatment effects on other standard measures of lint quality. A simple budgeting analysis assuming $43.24/ha per application for insecticides and $1.59/kg for lint suggested that action thresholds of 5-10 adults per leaf provided the highest net return at most sites.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Database assignments for author(s): Steven E. Naranjo, Peter C. Ellsworth, Chang Chi Chu, David G. Riley

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
thresholds/decision-support systems
control - general

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Bemisia tabaci Cotton (Gossypium) U.S.A. (SW)