Insects (2021) 12 (2 - 85)

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Paola Tirello, Enrico Marchesini, Pamela Gherardo, Damiano Raniero, Filippo Rossetto, Alberto Pozzebon and Carlo Duso (2021)
The control of the American leafhopper Erasmoneura vulnerata (Fitch) in European vineyards: impact of synthetic and natural insecticides
Insects 12 (2 - 85)
Abstract: The American leafhopper Erasmoneura vulnerata, detected in Europe in the early 2000s, has recently become a pest in North-Italian vineyards. Infestations were recorded in organic and conventional vineyards despite the application of insecticides targeting other pests. Erasmoneura vulnerata completes three generations per year, and the second generation is frequently associated with large populations. The selection of appropriate active ingredients and the timing of their application is crucial for effective pest control. Field trials were carried out in Northeastern Italy, using a randomized design, to evaluate the impact of insecticides applied against other grapevine leafhoppers on E. vulnerata populations. The beginning of the second generation was selected as the best time for insecticide application. For natural products, two applications were planned. Among the selected insecticides, the most effective were acetamiprid, flupyradifurone and lambda-cyhalothrin. Regarding natural products, the most effective was kaolin which could represent an alternative to pyrethrins in organic vineyards. The identification of pest threshold levels and the evaluation of side effects of the most effective insecticides on key natural enemies occurring in vineyards are required.
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Full text of article
Database assignments for author(s): Alberto Pozzebon, Carlo Duso

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
control - general

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Erasmoneura vulnerata Grapevine (Vitis) Italy