Florida Entomologist (2014) 97, 1123-1130

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Rodrigo Lasa, Yeni Toxtega, Fortino Herrera, Alejandra Cruz, Manuel A. Navarrete and Sofía Antonio (2014)
Inexpensive traps for use in mass trapping Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae)
Florida Entomologist 97 (3), 1123-1130
Abstract: Mass trapping is being developed to control the fruit fly Anastrepha ludens (Loew) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in some citrus-growing areas of Mexico using a trap-lure pack composed of CeraTrap® lure and a specific bait station (MS2®). The technique is based on placing a sufficient density of baited traps so that enough flies are captured to account for an important reduction in fruit infestation in the orchard. Trap-lure efficacy, trap density and cost ratio are crucial for broad implementation of this technique by growers. The use of handmade traps, constructed from 500 mL plastic bottles, with 3 10 mm holes at 2/3rd up from the base, had similar attraction but captured more flies under caged conditions than 2 commercial traps sold in Mexico for this purpose. Under field conditions, the capture of A. ludens with plastic bottle traps was statistically superior to that of MS2® traps. When placed at a density of 40 traps per ha in an orange (Citrus sinensis [L.]; Rutaceae) orchard, bottle traps had a significantly higher capture rate than a similar density of MS2 traps and provided satisfactory crop protection, with 0.3- 2.3% of fallen fruits infested at harvest. The low cost of this trap, (~US$ 0.18), has the potential to greatly reduce mass trapping costs and could favor broad implementation of this strategy in Latin American countries that produce fruit crops affected by A. ludens.
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Database assignments for author(s): Rodrigo Lasa

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Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Anastrepha ludens Citrus (genus) Mexico