Experimental and Applied Acarology (2019) 77, 133-143

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Stine Kramer Jacobsen, Lene Sigsgaard, Kristian Hansen, James D. Harwood, Eric G. Chapman, Mónica A. Hurtado and Annette B. Jensen (2019)
Generalist predator contributions to the control of Tetranychus urticae in strawberry crops documented by PCR-based gut content analysis
Experimental and Applied Acarology 77 (2), 133-143
Abstract: The contribution of generalist insect predators to the control of the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae), an herbivorous pest of many crops, is poorly understood. One of the common insect predators in strawberries is the generalist predatory bug Anthocoris nemorum L. (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae), which has the potential to contribute to the control of pest populations. The feeding of adult A. nemorum on T. urticae was assessed by sampling individuals from an organic strawberry field in Denmark, and using PCR gut content analysis to detect remains of T. urticae within their gut. In the lab, we assessed that the DNA half-life detectability was 21.5 h. Significant numbers of field-collected A. nemorum tested positive for T. urticae prey DNA, with very high numbers in June (62.8%) and August (38.8%). This study presents conclusive evidence that the generalist predator A. nemorum can contribute to the decrease of T. urticae densities in strawberry fields, although the actual contribution in the present study is probably limited because predator populations were relatively low compared to T. urticae. The abundance of T. urticae did not increase significantly during the period of sampling, suggesting that a complex of natural enemies can achieve biological control of T. urticae in protected strawberries.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): James D. Harwood, Eric G. Chapman, Mónica A. Hurtado, Annette Bruun Jensen, Lene Sigsgaard

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Tetranychus urticae Strawberry (Fragaria) Denmark
Anthocoris nemorum (predator) Tetranychus urticae Strawberry (Fragaria) Denmark