EPPO Bulletin (2016) 46, 139-147

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A. Uludag, G. Gbehounou, J. Kashefi, M. Bouhache, M.-C. Bon, C. Bell and A.L. Lagopodi (2016)
Review of the current situation for Solanum elaeagnifolium in the Mediterranean Basin
EPPO Bulletin 46 (1), 139-147
Abstract: Silverleaf nightshade (Solanum elaeagnifolium, Cav.) is one of the important invasive plant species in Mediterranean Basin countries. Over the last 60 years, this plant has gone from a few accidental introductions to near monospecific populations in many areas of the Mediterranean Basin (in particular Greece and Morocco). Recent findings from Lebanon show that the invasion is ongoing. Solanum elaeagnifolium has a negative impact on crops, causing up to 75% yield loss, as well as an indirect impact by harbouring plant pests and diseases. Solanum elaeagnifolium is toxic to livestock and has a negative affect on the quality of life for humans. Losses of potential resource or revenue caused by its invasion include: decreased forage quality on grazing lands; decreased cropping land and amenity values of public space; increased water loss; increased water conveyancing costs; and increased forest restoration costs. Available control techniques need to be strengthened to reduce the impact of S. elaeagnifolium and prevent its spread. More attention needs to be devoted to biological control, which could provide regional management of this invasive alien plant. Sustainable management of S. elaeagnifolium will require coordination, education and support across the affected countries. Governments must have the means to detect, manage and control S. elaeagnifolium.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Marie-Claude Bon, Ahmet Uludag, Gualbert Gbehounou

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Croatia
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Cyprus
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) France
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Greece
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Italy
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Serbia
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Spain (continental)
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Turkey
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Algeria
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Egypt
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Libya
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Tunisia
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Iraq
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Israel
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Jordan
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Lebanon
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Syria
Solanum elaeagnifolium (weed) Maize/corn (Zea mays) Morocco