Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology (2014) 36, 246-251

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Geneviève Marchand, Yuanhong Chen, Nahom A. Berhane, Lai Wei, C. André Lévesque and Allen G. Xue (2014)
Identification of Pythium spp. from the rhizosphere of soybeans in Ontario, Canada
Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 36 (2), 246-251
Abstract: Production of soybean in short-season areas of Canada is affected by Pythium species causing seed rot, seedling damping-off and root rot under the cool, moist conditions prevalent early in the growing season. To determine which Pythium species infect soybean plants under these conditions, soil samples were collected in 2010, 2011 and 2012 from soybean fields in Ontario where symptoms of damping-off or root rot were observed. Pythium spp. were isolated from soil using a seed baiting approach and selective media. PCR amplification and sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer of the nuclear ribosomal DNA allowed for identification of six different Pythium species (out of a total of 104 strains). Pythium ultimum var. ultimum (56.7%) and P. sylvaticum (29.8%) were the most frequently isolated species over all sampling years. Other species isolated included P. dissotocum (6.7%), P. ultimum var. sporangiiferum (3.8%), P. irregulare (1.9%), and P. hypogynum (1.0%).
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Allen G. Xue, C. André Lévesque

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Globisporangium ultimum Soybean (Glycine max) Canada (east)
Globisporangium irregulare Soybean (Glycine max) Canada (east)
Pythium dissotocum Soybean (Glycine max) Canada (east)
Globisporangium sylvaticum Soybean (Glycine max) Canada (east)