Biological Invasions (2016) 18, 935-952

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Jeff R. Garnas, MarieAnne AugerRozenberg, Alain Roques, Cleo Bertelsmeier, Michael J. Wingfield, Davina L. Saccaggi, Helen E. Roy and Bernard Slippers (2016)
Complex patterns of global spread in invasive insects: eco-evolutionary and management consequences
Biological Invasions 18 (4), 935-952
Abstract: The advent of simple and affordable tools for molecular identification of novel insect invaders and assessment of population diversity has changed the face of invasion biology in recent years. The widespread application of these tools has brought with it an emerging understanding that patterns in biogeography, introduction history and subsequent movement and spread of many invasive alien insects are far more complex than previously thought. We reviewed the literature and found that for a number of invasive insects, there is strong and growing evidence that multiple introductions, complex global movement, and population admixture in the invaded range are commonplace. Additionally, historical paradigms related to species and strain identities and origins of common invaders are in many cases being challenged. This has major consequences for our understanding of basic biology and ecology of invasive insects and impacts quarantine, management and biocontrol programs. In addition, we found that founder effects rarely limit fitness in invasive insects and may benefit populations (by purging harmful alleles or increasing additive genetic variance). Also, while phenotypic plasticity appears important post-establishment, genetic diversity in invasive insects is often higher than expected and increases over time via multiple introductions. Further, connectivity among disjunct regions of global invasive ranges is generally far higher than expected and is often asymmetric, with some populations contributing disproportionately to global spread. We argue that the role of connectivity in driving the ecology and evolution of introduced species with multiple invasive ranges has been historically underestimated and that such species are often best understood in a global context.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
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Database assignments for author(s): Alain Roques, Michael J. Wingfield, Bernard Slippers, Helen Elizabeth Roy, Cleo Bertelsmeier, Jeff R. Garnas

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
population dynamics/ epidemiology
environment - cropping system/rotation

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Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.