BioControl (2009) 54, 369-382

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Carlo Duso, Marco Fanti, Alberto Pozzebon and Gino Angeli (2009)
Is the predatory mite Kampimodromus aberrans a candidate for the control of phytophagous mites in European apple orchards?
BioControl 54 (3), 369-382
Abstract: The most important biocontrol agents of phytophagous mites (mainly Tetranychidae) in European apple orchards are the predatory mites Amblyseius andersoni, Typhlodromus pyri and Euseius finlandicus (Phytoseiidae). A similar situation is found in Trentino (north-eastern Italy), an important apple production area in Europe. Another phytoseiid mite, Kampimodromus aberrans, can be dominant in neglected fruit orchards but is rare in commercial orchards because of its susceptibility to pesticides. However, pesticide resistant strains of K. aberrans have recently been found in vineyards. In the late 1990s, one of these resistant strains was successfully released on an experimental farm in Trentino. Kampimodromus aberrans spread to an apple orchard, despite the fact that it was colonized by T. pyri, A. andersoni and E. finlandicus, and became the dominant species. Since K. aberrans ' colonization appeared to be affected by apple cultivars, experiments were conducted on potted plants of three selected apple cultivars (Golden Delicious, Red Chief, Reinette du Canada). The results stressed the effect of cultivars on apple colonization by K. aberrans and suggested the role of leaf morphology in influencing this phenomenon. Field releases of K. aberrans were successfully performed in four commercial apple orchards. The incidence of K. aberrans in the total phytoseiid population increased over time and the predator became dominant in the season following its release in two orchards. Kampimodromus aberrans persists in these orchards as the dominant species. The adaptation of K. aberrans to varying environmental conditions, its tolerance to pesticides, and its competitiveness towards other phytoseiid species suggest a potential role of this species in the biological control of phytophagous mites in European apple orchards.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Carlo Duso, Alberto Pozzebon

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
population dynamics/epizootiology

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Typhlodromus pyri (predator) Italy
Amblyseius andersoni (predator) Italy
Euseius finlandicus (predator) Italy
Kampimodromus aberrans (predator) Italy