Applied Entomology and Zoology (2013) 48, 507-513

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Chieka Minakuchi, Yurika Inano, Xueyan Shi, Dunlun Song, Youjun Zhang, Ken Miura, Tadashi Miyata, Xiwu Gao, Toshiharu Tanaka and Shoji Sonoda (2013)
Neonicotinoid resistance and cDNA sequences of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits of the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
Applied Entomology and Zoology 48 (4), 507-513
Abstract: The western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), is difficult to control because of high insecticide resistance. In this study, susceptibility to major insecticides was examined in two Japanese strains (H-1 and KC) and a Chinese strain (BJ) using a leaf-dipping method. All three strains were resistant to permethrin and acetamiprid at agriculturally recommended doses. The median lethal concentration (LC50) for acetamiprid was 1720 ppm in strain H-1, 4780 ppm in strain KC and >6680 ppm in strain BJ. In the presence of piperonyl butoxide, an inhibitor of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases, the LC50 for acetamiprid was 312 ppm in strain H-1, 837 ppm in strain KC and 1250 ppm in strain BJ. These results suggested that metabolism by cytochrome P450 monooxygenases is involved in acetamiprid resistance in these strains, though other factors also seem to play a role. Furthermore, cDNA cloning of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits was performed using degenerate primers, and the presence or absence of a point mutation in nAChR β1 was confirmed. The R81T mutation that had been reported in Myzus persicae (Sulzer) nAChR β1 was not found in F. occidentalis strains tested in this study.
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Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Tadashi Miyata, Xi-Wu Gao, Ken Miura, Shoji Sonoda, Dun-Lun Song

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
pesticide resistance of pest

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Frankliniella occidentalis Gerbera (crop) Japan