William E. Fry

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See William E. Fry in the ISPI database of scientists.


Publications of William E. Fry

Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions (2019) 32, 515-526
William E. Fry, Sean P. Patev, Kevin L. Myers, Kan Bao and Zhangjun Fei (2019)
Phytophthora infestans sporangia produced in culture and on tomato leaflet lesions show marked differences in indirect germination rates, aggressiveness, and global transcription profiles

Archives of Virology (2019) 164, 567-572
Guohong Cai, Kevin Myers, William E. Fry and Bradley I. Hillman (2019)
Phytophthora infestans RNA virus 2, a novel RNA virus from Phytophthora infestans, does not belong to any known virus group

Persoonia (2018) 41, 39-55
M.F. Mideros, D.A. Turissini, N. Guayazán, H. Ibarra-Avila, G. Danies, M. Cárdenas, K. Myers, J. Tabima, E.M. Goss, A. Bernal, L.E. Lagos, A. Grajales, L.N. Gonzalez, D.E.L. Cooke, W.E. Fry, N. Grünwald, D.R. Matute and S. Restrepo (2018)
Phytophthora betacei, a new species within Phytophthora clade 1c causing late blight on Solanum betaceum in Colombia

Agronomy Journal (2017) 109, 562-575
Yangxuan Liu, Michael R. Langemeier, Ian M. Small, Laura Joseph and William E. Fry (2017)
Risk management strategies using precision agriculture technology to manage potato late blight

Molecular Plant Pathology (2016) 17, 42-54
Andrea P. Zuluaga, Julio C. Vega-Arreguín, Zhangjun Fei, Antonio J. Matas, Sean Patev, William E. Fry and Jocelyn K.C. Rose (2016)
Analysis of the tomato leaf transcriptome during successive hemibiotrophic stages of a compatible interaction with the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans

PLoS ONE (2016) 11 (11 - e0165690)
Zachariah R. Hansen, Kathryne L. Everts, William E. Fry, Amanda J. Gevens, Niklaus J. Grünwald, Beth K. Gugino, Dennis A. Johnson, Steven B. Johnson, Howard S. Judelson, Brian J. Knaus, Margaret T. McGrath, Kevin L. Myers, Jean B. Ristaino, Pamela D. Roberts, Gary A. Secor and Christine D. Smart (2016)
Genetic variation within clonal lineages of Phytophthora infestans revealed through genotyping-by-sequencing, and implications for late blight epidemiology

Molecular Plant Pathology (2016) 17, 29-41
Andrea P. Zuluaga, Julio C. Vega-Arreguín, Zhangjun Fei, Lalit Ponnala, Sang Jik Lee, Antonio J. Matas, Sean Patev, William E. Fry and Jocelyn K.C. Rose (2016)
Transcriptional dynamics of Phytophthora infestans during sequential stages of hemibiotrophic infection of tomato

Plant Disease (2016) 100, 1482-1491
Marie-Claude Gagnon, Lawrence Kawchuk, D. Mathieu Tremblay, Odile Carisse, Giovanna Danies, William E. Fry, C. André Lévesque and Guillaume J. Bilodeau (2016)
Identification of the dominant genotypes of Phytophthora infestans in Canada using real-time PCR with ASO-PCR assays

Annual Review of Phytopathology (2016) 54, 529-547
William E. Fry (2016)
Phytophthora infestans: New tools (and old ones) lead to new understanding and precision management

Phytopathology (2015) 105, 1545-1554
Ian M. Small, Laura Joseph and William E. Fry (2015)
Evaluation of the BlightPro decision support system for management of potato late blight using computer simulation and field validation

Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology (2015) 37, 106-117
Giovanna Danies, Carlos A. Antolínez, Johanna Cantillo, Gerson Peña, Angela M. Vargas, Martha Cárdenas, Adriana J. Bernal, William E. Fry and Silvia Restrepo (2015)
Physalis peruviana responses to Phytophthora infestans are typical of an incompatible interaction

Phytopathology (2015) 105, 342-349
Richard Childers, Giovanna Danies, Kevin Myers, Zhangjun Fei, Ian M. Small and William E. Fry (2015)
Acquired resistance to mefenoxam in sensitive isolates of Phytophthora infestans

Plant Pathology (2015) 64, 191-199
P. Chowdappa, B.J. Nirmal Kumar, S. Madhura, S.P. Mohan Kumar, K.L. Myers, W.E. Fry and D.E.L. Cooke (2015)
Severe outbreaks of late blight on potato and tomato in South India caused by recent changes in the Phytophthora infestans population

Phytopathology (2015) 105, 966-981
W.E. Fry, P.R.J. Birch, H.S. Judelson, N.J. Grünwald, G. Danies, K.L. Everts, A.J. Gevens, B.K. Gugino, D.A. Johnson, S.B. Johnson, M.T. McGrath, K.L. Myers, J.B. Ristaino, P.D. Roberts, G. Secor and C.D. Smart (2015)
Five reasons to consider Phytophthora infestans a reemerging pathogen

Plant Disease (2015) 99, 659-666
Amanda Saville, Kim Graham, Niklaus J. Grünwald, Kevin Myers, William E. Fry and Jean Beagle Ristaino (2015)
Fungicide sensitivity of U.S. genotypes of Phytophthora infestans to six oomycete-targeted compounds

Phytopathology (2015) 105, 1594-1600
Michael E.H. Matson, Ian M. Small, William E. Fry and Howard S. Judelson (2015)
Metalaxyl resistance in Phytophthora infestans: Assessing role of RPA190 gene and diversity within clonal lineages

Molecular Plant Pathology (2015) 16, 413-434
Sophien Kamoun, Oliver Furzer, Jonathan D.G. Jones, Howard S. Judelson, Gul Shad Ali, Ronaldo J.D. Dalio, Sanjoy Guha Roy, Leonardo Schena, Antonios Zambounis, Franck Panabières, David Cahill, Michelina Ruocco, Andreia Figueiredo, Xiao-Ren Chen, Jon Hulvey, Remco Stam, Kurt Lamour, Mark Gijzen, Brett M. Tyler, Niklaus J. Grünwald, M. Shahid Mukhtar, Daniel F.A. Tomé, Mahmut Tör, Guido Van Den Ackerveken, John McDowell, Fouad Daayf, William E. Fry, Hannele Lindqvist-Kreuze, Harold J.G. Meijer, Benjamin Petre, Jean Ristaino, Kentaro Yoshida, Paul R.J. Birch and Francine Govers (2015)
The top 10 oomycete pathogens in molecular plant pathology

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2014) 111, 8791-8796
Erica M. Goss, Javier F. Tabima, David E.L. Cooke, Silvia Restrepo, William E. Fry, Gregory A. Forbes, Valerie J. Fieland, Martha Cardenas and Niklaus J. Grünwald (2014)
The Irish potato famine pathogen Phytophthora infestans originated in central Mexico rather than the Andes

Plant Disease (2014) 98, 1666-1670
Z.R. Hansen, I.M. Small, M. Mutschler, W.E. Fry and C.D. Smart (2014)
Differential susceptibility of 39 tomato varieties to Phytophthora infestans clonal lineage US-23

Plant Pathology (2013) 62, 154-165
B.B. Pule, J.C. Meitz, A.H. Thompson, C.C. Linde, W.E. Fry, S.D. Langenhoven, K.L. Meyers, D.S. Kandolo, N.C. van Rij and A. McLeod (2013)
Phytophthora infestans populations in central, eastern and southern African countries consist of two major clonal lineages

Plant Disease (2013) 97, 873-881
G. Danies, I.M. Small, K. Myers, R. Childers and W.E. Fry (2013)
Phenotypic characterization of recent clonal lineages of Phytophthora infestans in the United States

Journal of Phytopathology (2013) 161, 49-58
Pallem Chowdappa, Nirmal B.J. Kumar, Shivanna Madhura, Mohan S.P. Kumar, Kevin L. Myers, William E. Fry, Julie N. Squires and David E.L. Cooke (2013)
Emergence of 13_A2 blue lineage of Phytophthora infestans was responsible for severe outbreaks of late blight on tomato in south-west India

Molecular Plant Pathology (2013) 14, 171-184
Guohong Cai, Silvia Restrepo, Kevin Myers, Paola Zuluaga, Giovanna Danies, Christine Smart and William Fry (2013)
Gene profiling in partially resistant and susceptible near-isogenic tomatoes in response to late blight in the field

Plant Disease (2013) 97, 296-306
W.E. Fry, M.T. McGrath, A. Seaman, T.A. Zitter, A. McLeod, G. Danies, I.M. Small, K. Myers, K. Everts, A.J. Gevens, B.K. Gugino, S.B. Johnson, H. Judelson, J. Ristaino, P. Roberts, G. Secor, K. Seebold Jr., K. Snover-Clift, A. Wyenandt, N. J. Grünwald and C. D. Smart (2013)
The 2009 late blight pandemic in the eastern United States - causes and results

Australasian Plant Pathology (2013) 42, 583-593
A.R. Dunn, B.A. Fry, T.Y. Lee, K.D. Conley, V. Balaji, W.E. Fry, A. McLeod and C.D. Smart (2013)
Transformation of Phytophthora capsici with genes for green and red fluorescent protein for use in visualizing plant-pathogen interactions

Plant Disease (2012) 96, 1323-1330
Chia-Hui Hu, Frances G. Perez, Ryan Donahoo, Adele McLeod, Kevin Myers, Kelly Ivors, Gary Secor, Pamela D. Roberts, Kenneth L. Deahl, William E. Fry and Jean B. Ristaino (2012)
Recent genotypes of Phytophthora infestans in the eastern United States reveal clonal populations and reappearance of mefenoxam sensitivity

Archives of Virology (2012) 157, 165-169
Guohong Cai, Kevin Myers, William E. Fry and Bradley I. Hillman (2012)
A member of the virus family Narnaviridae from the plant pathogenic oomycete Phytophthora infestans

Plant Breeding (2011) 130, 464-468
Hilary Mayton, Gilda Rauscher, Ivan Simko and William E. Fry (2011)
Evaluation of the RPi-ber late blight resistance gene for tuber resistance in the field and laboratory

Plant Breeding (2010) 129, 197-201
H. Mayton, H. Griffiths, I. Simko, S. Cheng, J. Lorenzen, W. De Jong and W.E. Fry (2010)
Foliar and tuber late blight resistance in a Solanum tuberosum breeding population

Plant Disease (2010) 94, 1461-1468
A.R. Dunn, M.G. Milgroom, J.C. Meitz, A. McLeod, W.E. Fry, M.T. McGrath, H.R. Dillard and C.D. Smart (2010)
Population structure and resistance to mefenoxam of Phytophthora capsici in New York State

Theoretical and Applied Genetics (2010) 121, 1553-1567
Gilda Rauscher, Ivan Simko, Hilary Mayton, Merideth Bonierbale, Christine D. Smart, Niklaus J. Grünwald, Andrew Greenland and William E. Fry (2010)
Quantitative resistance to late blight from Solanum berthaultii cosegregates with RPi-ber: insights in stability through isolates and environment

Plant Pathology (2010) 59, 626-633
O. Frenkel, U. Yermiyahu, G.A. Forbes, W.E. Fry and D. Shtienberg (2010)
Restriction of potato and tomato late blight development by sub-phytotoxic concentrations of boron

Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions (2010) 23, 1151-1163
Patricia M. Manosalva, Sang-Wook Park, Farhad Forouhar, Liang Tong, William E. Fry and Daniel F. Klessig (2010)
Methyl esterase 1 (StMES1) is required for systemic acquired resistance in potato

Journal of Plant Pathology (2010) 92, 381-390
E. Runno-Paurson, W.E. Fry, T. Remmel, M. Mänd and K.L. Myers (2010)
Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of Estonian isolates of Phytophthora infestans in 2004-2007

Phytopathology (2009) 99, 82-88
Angela M. Vargas, Lina M. Quesada Ocampo, Maria Catalina Céspedes, Natalia Carreño, Adriana González, Alejandro Rojas, A. Paola Zuluaga, Kevin Myers, William E. Fry, Pedro Jiménez, Adriana J. Bernal and Silvia Restrepo (2009)
Characterization of Phytophthora infestans populations in Colombia: First report of the A2 mating type

European Journal of Plant Pathology (2009) 124, 565-575
E. Runno-Paurson, W.E. Fry, K.L. Myers, M. Koppel and M. Mänd (2009)
Characterisation of Phytophthora infestans isolates collected from potato in Estonia during 2002-2003

The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology (2008) 55, 103-109
Adéle McLeod, Barbara A. Fry, A. Paola Zuluaga, Kevin L. Myers and William E. Fry (2008)
Toward improvements of oomycete transformation protocols

Molecular Plant Pathology (2008) 9, 385-402
William Fry (2008)
Phytophthora infestans: the plant (and R gene) destroyer

Plant Disease (2007) 91, 1045-1049
Christine D. Smart, Steven D. Tanksley, Hilary Mayton and William E. Fry (2007)
Resistance to Phytophthora infestans in Lycopersicon pennellii

Theoretical and Applied Genetics (2006) 112, 674-687
G.M. Rauscher, C.D. Smart, I. Simko, M. Bonierbale, H. Mayton, A. Greenland and W.E. Fry (2006)
Characterization and mapping of R Pi-ber , a novel potato late blight resistance gene from Solanum berthaultii

Plant Disease (2006) 90, 24-32
M.C. Becktell, C.D. Smart, C.H. Haney and W.E. Fry (2006)
Host-pathogen interactions between Phytophthora infestans and the solanaceous hosts Calibrachoa × hybridus, Petunia × hybrida, and Nicotiana benthamiana

Phytopathology (2006) 96, 1397-1403
Niklaus J. Grünwald, Anne K. Sturbaum, Gaspar Romero Montes, Edith Garay Serrano, Hector Lozoya-Saldaña and William E. Fry (2006)
Selection for fungicide resistance within a growing season in field populations of Phytophthora infestans at the center of origin

Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions (2005) 18, 913-922
S. Restrepo, K.L. Myers, O. del Pozo, G.B. Martin, A.L. Hart, C.R. Buell, W.E. Fry and C.D. Smart (2005)
Gene profiling of a compatible interaction between Phytophthora infestans and Solanum tuberosum suggests a role for carbonic anhydrase

Plant Pathology (2005) 54, 364-372
G.A. Forbes, M.G. Chacón, H.G. Kirk, M.A. Huarte, M. Van Damme, S. Distel, G.R. Mackay, H.E. Stewart, R. Lowe, J.M. Duncan, H.S. Mayton, W.E. Fry, D. Andrivon, D. Ellissèche, R. Pellé, H.W. Platt, G. MacKenzie, T.R. Tarn, L.T. Colon, D.J. Budding, H. Lozoya-Saldaña, A. Hernandez-Vilchis and S. Capezio (2005)
Stability of resistance to Phytophthora infestans in potato: an international evaluation

Phytopathology (2005) 95, 1191-1199
Jorge L. Andrade-Piedra, Robert J. Hijmans, Gregory A. Forbes, William E. Fry and Rebecca J. Nelson (2005)
Simulation of potato late blight in the Andes. I: Modification and parameterization of the LATEBLIGHT model

Phytopathology (2005) 95, 1200-1208
Jorge L. Andrade-Piedra, Robert J. Hijmans, Henry S. Juárez, Gregory A. Forbes, Dani Shtienberg and William E. Fry (2005)
Simulation of potato late blight in the Andes. II: Validation of the LATEBLIGHT model

Phytopathology (2005) 95, 1412-1422
Jorge L. Andrade-Piedra, Gregory A. Forbes, Dani Shtienberg, Niklaus J. Grünwald, María G. Chacón, Marco V. Taipe, Robert J. Hijmans and William E. Fry (2005)
Qualification of a plant disease simulation model: Performance of the LATEBLIGHT model across a broad range of environments

Plant Disease (2005) 89, 975-979
M.C. Becktell, M.L. Daughtrey and W.E. Fry (2005)
Temperature and leaf wetness requirements for pathogen establishment, incubation period, and sporulation of Phytophthora infestans on Petunia x hybrida

Plant Disease (2005) 89, 1000-1008
M.C. Becktell, M.L. Daughtrey and W.E. Fry (2005)
Epidemiology and management of petunia and tomato late blight in the greenhouse

Plant Disease (2004) 88, 29-33
S.P. Fernández-Pavía, N.J. Grünwald, M. Díaz-Valasis, M. Cadena-Hinojosa and W.E. Fry (2004)
Soilborne oospores of Phytophthora infestans in central Mexico survive winter fallow and infect potato plants in the field

Plant Disease (2003) 87, 896-900
Ailton Reis, Christine D. Smart, William E. Fry, Luiz A. Maffia and Eduardo S.G. Mizubuti (2003)
Characterization of isolates of Phytophthora infestans from southern and southeastern Brazil from 1998 to 2000

Phytopathology (2003) 93, 382-390
Wilbert G. Flier, Niklaus J. Grünwald, Laurens P.N.M. Kroon, Anne K. Sturbaum, Trudy B.M. van den Bosch, Edith Garay-Serrano, Hector Lozoya-Saldaña, William E. Fry and Lod J. Turkensteen (2003)
The population structure of Phytophthora infestans from the Toluca Valley of Central Mexico suggests genetic differentiation between populations from cultivated potato and wild Solanum spp.

Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions (2003) 16, 141-148
C.D. Smart, K.L. Myers, S. Restrepo, G.B. Martin and W.E. Fry (2003)
Partial resistance of tomato to Phytophthora infestans is not dependent upon ethylene, jasmonic acid, or salicylic acid signaling pathways

Plant Disease (2002) 86, p. 73 (Fernandez-Pavia et al.)
S.P. Fernández-Pavía, N.J. Grünwald and W.E. Fry (2002)
Formation of Phytophthora infestans oospores in nature on tubers in central Mexico

Phytopathology (2002) 92, 688-693
Niklaus J. Grünwald, Mateo A. Cadena Hinojosa, Oswaldo Rubio Covarrubias, Antonio Rivera Peña, John S. Niederhauser and William E. Fry (2002)
Potato cultivars from the Mexican national program: sources and durability of resistance against late blight

Plant Disease (2002) 86, 1163-1168
Niklaus J. Grünwald, Gaspar Romero Montes, H. Lozoya Saldaña, O.A. Rubio Covarrubias and William E. Fry (2002)
Potato late blight management in the Toluca Valley: field validation of SimCast modified for cultivars with high field resistance

Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology (2002) 24, 471-480
Theresa Yun Lee, Ivan Simko and William E. Fry (2002)
Genetic control of aggressiveness in Phytophthora infestans to tomato

Mycologia (2002) 94, 781-793
Pia D. Gavino and William E. Fry (2002)
Diversity in and evidence for selection on the mitochondrial genome of Phytophthora infestans

Plant Disease (2001) 85, 1006-1012
H. Mayton, G.A. Forbes, E.S.G. Mizubuti and W.E. Fry (2001)
The roles of three fungicides in the epidemiology of potato late blight

Journal of Phytopathology - Phytopathologische Zeitschrift (2001) 149, 605-611
S. Elansky, A. Smirnov, Y. Dyakov, A. Dolgova, A. Filippov, B. Kozlovsky, B. Kozlovskaya, P. Russo, C. Smart and W. Fry (2001)
Genotypic analysis of Russian iolates of Phytophthora infestans from the Moscow Region, Siberia and Far East

Phytopathology (2001) 91, 1189-1196
Donald E. Aylor, William E. Fry, Hilary Mayton and Jorge L. Andrade-Piedra (2001)
Quantifying the rate of release and escape of Phytophthora infestans sporangia from a potato canopy

Biological Invasions (2001) 3, 235-243
C.D. Smart and W.E. Fry (2001)
Invasions by the late blight pathogen: Renewed sex and enhanced fitness

Phytopathology (2001) 91, 882-890
Niklaus J. Grünwald, Wilbert G. Flier, Anne K. Sturbaum, Edith Garay-Serrano, Trudy B.M. van den Bosch, Christine D. Smart, John M. Matuszak, H. Lozoya-Saldaña, Lod J. Turkensteen and William E. Fry (2001)
Population structure of Phytophthora infestans in the Toluca Valley region of central Mexico

Plant Disease (2000) 84, 731-735
P.D. Gavino, C.D. Smart, R.W. Sandrock, J.S. Miller, P.B. Hamm, T. Yun Lee, R.M. Davis and W.E. Fry (2000)
Implications of sexual reproduction for Phytophthora infestans in the United States: Generation of an aggressive lineage

Phytopathology (2000) 90, 197-202
M.E. Ordoñez, H.R. Hohl, J.A. Velasco, M.P. Ramon, P.J. Oyarzun, C.D. Smart, W.E. Fry, G.A. Forbes and L.J. Erselius (2000)
A novel population of Phytophthora, similar to P. infestans, attacks wild Solanum species in Ecuador

Phytopathology (2000) 90, 78-84
E.S.G. Mizubuti, D.E. Aylor and W.E. Fry (2000)
Survival of Phytophthora infestans sporangia exposed to solar radiation

Phytopathology (2000) 90, 987-994
C.D. Smart, H. Mayton, E.S.G. Mizubuti, M.R. Willmann and W.E. Fry (2000)
Environmental and genetic factors influencing self-fertility in Phytophthora infestans

Plant Disease (2000) 84, 1190-1196
H. Mayton, C.D. Smart, B.C. Moravec, E.S.G. Mizubuti, A.E. Muldoon and W.E. Fry (2000)
Oospore survival and pathogenicity of single oospore recombinant progeny from a cross involving US-17 and US-8 genotypes of Phytophthora infestans

Molecular Breeding (2000) 6, 25-36
Elmer E. Ewing, Ivan Simko, Christine D. Smart, Merideth W. Bonierbale, Eduardo S.G. Mizubuti, Gregory D. May and William E. Fry (2000)
Genetic mapping from field tests of qualitative and quantitative resistance to Phytophthora infestans in a population derived from Solanum tuberosum and Solanum berthaultii

Plant Pathology (2000) 49, 531-539
M.E. Vega-Sánchez, L.J. Erselius, A.M. Rodriguez, O. Bastidas, H.R. Hohl, P.S. Ojiambo, J. Mukalazi, T. Vermeulen, W.E. Fry and G.A. Forbes (2000)
Host adaptation to potato and tomato within the US-1 clonal lineage of Phytophthora infestans in Uganda and Kenya

Plant Disease (2000) 84, 410-416
Niklaus J. Grünwald, Oswaldo A. Rubio-Covarrubias and William E. Fry (2000)
Potato late-blight management in the Toluca Valley: Forecasts and resistant cultivars

Plant Disease (1999) 83, 423-428
A.E. Dorrance, D.A. Inglis, M.L. Derie, C.R. Brown, S.B. Goodwin, W.E. Fry and K.L. Deahl (1999)
Characterization of Phytophthora infestans populations in western Washington

Phytopathology (1998) 88, 939-949
S.B. Goodwin, C.D. Smart, R.W. Sandrock, K.L. Deahl, Z.K. Punja and W.E. Fry (1998)
Genetic change within populations of Phytophthora infestans in the United States and Canada during 1994 to 1996: Role of migration and recombination

Plant Disease (1998) 82, 811-818
Gregory A. Forbes, Stephen B. Goodwin, André Drenth, Pedro Oyarzun, Maria Eugenia Ordoñez and William E. Fry (1998)
A global marker database for Phytophthora infestans

International Congress of Plant Pathology (1998) Fry - New strains of Phytophthora ...
W.E. Fry (1998)
New strains of Phytophthora infestans from Mexico
Edinburgh, U.K. (9 - 16 Aug. 1998), Paper presented in section: Exotic pathogen threats: risk assessment

International Congress of Plant Pathology (1998) Mizubuti et al. - Plot sizes for experiments ...
E.S.G. Mizubuti, H.S. Mayton, C.D. Smart, M. Grasmick and W.E. Fry (1998)
Plot sizes for experiments designed to assess chemical control and cultivar resistance levels to potato late blight
Edinburgh, U.K. (9 - 16 Aug. 1998), Poster presented in section: Crop physiology, yield determinants and epidemic progress

Phytopathology (1998) 88, 837-843
E.S.G. Mizubuti and W.E. Fry (1998)
Temperature effects on developmental stages of isolates from three clonal lineages of Phytophthora infestans

Plant Disease (1997) 81, p. 311 (Oyarzun et al.)
P.J. Oyarzun, M.E. Ordoñes, G.A. Forbes and W.E. Fry (1997)
First report of Phytophthora infestans A2 mating type in Ecuador

Phytopathology (1997) 87, 375-380
Gregory A. Forbes, Ximena C. Escobar, Catalina C. Ayala, Jorge Revelo, Maria E. Ordoñez, Barbara A. Fry, Katharine Doucett and William E. Fry (1997)
Population genetic structure of Phytophthora infestans in Ecuador

Phytopathology (1997) 87, 973-978
Masayasu Kato, Eduardo S. Mizubuti, Stephen B. Goodwin and William E. Fry (1997)
Sensitivity to protectant fungicides and pathogenic fitness of clonal lineages of Phytophthora infestans in the United States

Phytoparasitica (1996) 24, 281-292
D. Blachinski, D. Shtienberg, A. Dinoor, U. Kafkafi, L.S. Sujkowski, T.A. Zitter and W.E. Fry (1996)
Influence of foliar application of nitrogen and potassium on Alternaria diseases in potato, tomato and cotton

Phytopathology (1996) 86, p. S121 (Fay et al.)
J.C. Fay and W.E. Fry (1996)
Effects of hot and cold temperatures on the survival of oospores produced by United States strains of Phytophthora infestans

European Journal of Plant Pathology (1996) 102, 555-561
Ludwik S. Sujkowski, Stephen B. Goodwin and William E. Fry (1996)
Changes in specific virulence in Polish populations of Phytophthora infestans: 1985-1991

Phytopathology (1996) 86, p. S85 (Mizubuti et al.)
E.S.G. Mizubuti and W.E. Fry (1996)
Late blight simulation using artificial neural networks