Viruses (2019) 11 (7 - 673)

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Fatima Yousif Gaffar and Aline Koch (2019)
Catch me if you can! RNA silencing-based improvement of antiviral plant immunity
Viruses 11 (7 - 673)
Abstract: Viruses are obligate parasites which cause a range of severe plant diseases that affect farm productivity around the world, resulting in immense annual losses of yield. Therefore, control of viral pathogens continues to be an agronomic and scientific challenge requiring innovative and ground-breaking strategies to meet the demands of a growing world population. Over the last decade, RNA silencing has been employed to develop plants with an improved resistance to biotic stresses based on their function to provide protection from invasion by foreign nucleic acids, such as viruses. This natural phenomenon can be exploited to control agronomically relevant plant diseases. Recent evidence argues that this biotechnological method, called host-induced gene silencing, is effective against sucking insects, nematodes, and pathogenic fungi, as well as bacteria and viruses on their plant hosts. Here, we review recent studies which reveal the enormous potential that RNA-silencing strategies hold for providing an environmentally friendly mechanism to protect crop plants from viral diseases.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
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Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
resistance/tolerance/defence of host

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.
Potato virus Y Potato (Solanum tuberosum)
Cucumber mosaic virus Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Tobacco mosaic virus
Soybean mosaic virus Soybean (Glycine max)
Zucchini yellow mosaic virus Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)
Rice stripe virus Rice (Oryza)