Thripinema fuscum (entomopathogen)
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Thripinema fuscum (entomopathogen) Tipping & Nguyen, 1998
This nematode infects Frankliniella fusca in North America. Infection rates can be around 50% or higher in thrips collected from groundnuts (Tipping et al., 1998). Fertilised female thrips enter the host, swell and become sac-like inside the haemocoel. They lay eggs which hatch and develop through 3 juvenile stages before leaving the host. Under experimental conditions, the development cycle from egg through the immature stages can be completed within a week.