Theoretical and Applied Genetics (2017) 130, 91-107

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M. Pasquariello, J. Ham, C. Burt, J. Jahier, S. Paillard, C. Uauy and P. Nicholson (2017)
The eyespot resistance genes Pch1 and Pch2 of wheat are not homoeoloci
Theoretical and Applied Genetics 130 (1), 91-107
Abstract: Eyespot is a stem-base fungal disease of cereals growing in temperate regions. Two main resistances are currently available for use in wheat. Pch1 is a potent single major gene transferred to wheat from Aegilops ventricosa and located on the distal end of chromosome 7D. Pch2, a moderate resistance deriving from Cappelle Desprez, is located at the end of 7AL. The relative positions of Pch1 and Pch2 on 7D and 7A, respectively, suggest that they are homoeoloci. A single seed decent recombinant F7 population was used to refine the position of Pch2 on 7A. New markers designed to 7D also allowed the position of Pch1 to be further defined. We exploited the syntenic relationship between Brachypodium distachyon and wheat to develop 7A and 7D specific KASP markers tagging inter-varietal and interspecific SNPs and allow the comparison of the relative positions of Pch1 and Pch2 on 7D and 7A. Together, phenotyping and mapping data reveal that the intervals containing Pch1 and Pch2 do not overlap, and thus, they cannot be considered homoeloci. Using this information, we analysed two durum wheat lines carrying Pch1 on 7A to determine whether the Ae.ventricosa introgression extended into the region associated with Pch2. This identified that the introgression is distal to Pch2 on 7A, providing further evidence that the genes are not homoeoloci. However, it is feasible to use this material to pyramid Pch1 and Pch2 on 7A in a tetraploid background and also to increase the copy number of Pch1 in combination with Pch2 in a hexaploid background.
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Database assignments for author(s): Paul Nicholson, Joseph Jahier

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
resistance/tolerance/defence of host


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Oculimacula acuformis Wheat (Triticum)