Theoretical and Applied Genetics (2009) 118, 695-702

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Srinivasachary, N. Gosman, A. Steed, T.W. Hollins, R. Bayles, P. Jennings and P. Nicholson (2009)
Semi-dwarfing Rht-B1 and Rht-D1 loci of wheat differ significantly in their influence on resistance to Fusarium head blight
Theoretical and Applied Genetics 118 (4), 695-702
Abstract: Fusarium head blight (FHB) is an important disease of wheat worldwide. Soissons is one of the most resistant varieties grown in UK. The current study was undertaken to identify QTL for FHB resistance in Soissons and to determine whether the semi-dwarfing alleles Rht-B1b and Rht-D1b have a similar influence on susceptibility to FHB. A Soissons (Rht-B1b; Rht-D1a) × Orvantis (Rht-B1a; Rht-D1b) doubled haploid (DH) population was assessed for FHB resistance in three trials. Soissons contributed a single, stable major FHB QTL linked to the Rht-D1 locus. In contrast, the Rht-B1b allele (contributed by Soissons) conferred no negative effect on FHB resistance, even conferring a very minor positive effect in one trial. The influence of the Rht-B1b and Rht-D1b alleles on FHB resistance was further investigated using both Mercia and Maris Huntsman near-isogenic lines. Under high disease pressure both Rht-B1b and Rht-D1b significantly decreased Type 1 resistance (resistance to initial infection). However, whilst Rht-D1b has no effect on Type 2 resistance (resistance to spread of the fungus within the spike), Rht-B1b significantly increased Type 2 resistance. Our study demonstrates that the choice of semi-dwarfing gene used in plant breeding programmes may be a significant consideration where resistance to FHB is an important breeding target.
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Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Paul Nicholson

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
resistance/tolerance/defence of host

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Fusarium culmorum Wheat (Triticum) United Kingdom
Fusarium graminearum Wheat (Triticum) United Kingdom